See also: Lehnen



From a merger of two interrelated verbs:

  1. Middle High German linen, lenen, from Old High German hlinēn, from Proto-Germanic *hlināną
  2. Middle High German leinen, from Old High German hleinen, from Proto-Germanic *hlainijaną, a causative of the former.

The merger occurred in Central and Low German dialects, in which -ei- and open-syllable -i-, -e- all become > -ē- (Middle Low German lēnen). Some Upper German dialects retain a distinction between transitive and intransitive forms to this day. Cognate with Dutch leunen, English lean.


  • IPA(key): /ˈleːnən/, [ˈleːnn̩]
  • (file)


lehnen (third-person singular simple present lehnt, past tense lehnte, past participle gelehnt, auxiliary haben)

  1. (intransitive or reflexive) to lean
  2. (transitive) to lean something


Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit