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See also: mi- and mì-

Contents

IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish mí- (compare Scottish Gaelic mì-), from Proto-Indo-European *mei- (to change). Cognate with English mis-, Latin minus (lesser), Ancient Greek μείων (meíōn, less).

PrefixEdit

mí-

  1. Having a negative or missing quality
    bad, ill-, evil, dis-, mis-, mal-
  2. not
    un-, in-, dis-, mis-

Usage notesEdit

  • Does not change form for broad or slender nouns;
  • Triggers lenition when attached to a noun or adjective beginning with a consonant:
    mí- + ‎ceart (right, correct) → ‎mícheart (incorrect, wrong)
    mí- + ‎cothrom (equal; balanced; level) → ‎míchothrom (uneven)
  • Written with a hyphen when attached to nouns or adjectives beginning with a vowel:
    mí- + ‎ordú (order) → ‎mí-ordú (disorder)

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
mí- mhí- not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit


Old IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Possibly from mis (less). Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *mei- (to change).

PrefixEdit

mí-

  1. (derogatory) evil, ill, sinister

DescendantsEdit

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
mí-
also mmí- after a proclitic
mí-
pronounced with /ṽ(ʲ)-/
mí-
also mmí- after a proclitic
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit