sinister

EnglishEdit

 
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Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English sinistre (unlucky), from Old French sinistra (left), from Latin sinestra (left hand).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈsɪnɪstə/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈsɪnɪstɚ/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Accented on the middle syllable by the older poets, such as Shakespeare, Milton, and Dryden.

AdjectiveEdit

sinister (comparative more sinister, superlative most sinister)

  1. Inauspicious, ominous, unlucky, illegitimate (as in bar sinister).
    • 1611, Ben[jamin] Jonson, Catiline His Conspiracy, London: [] [William Stansby?] for Walter Burre, OCLC 1048971098, (please specify |act=I to V):
      All the several ills that visit earth, / Brought forth by night, with a sinister birth.
    • 1922, Michael Arlen, “1/5/1”, in “Piracy”: A Romantic Chronicle of These Days[1]:
      And in the meanwhile, Society shivered a little feverishly, filled now with the scions of those who had come over with the Jewish and American Conquests. Escutcheons were becoming valueless, how sinister soever the blots and clots upon them.
  2. Evil or seemingly evil; indicating lurking danger or harm.
    sinister influences
    the sinister atmosphere of the crypt
  3. (archaic) Of the left side.
    Antonym: dexter
  4. (heraldry) On the left side of a shield from the wearer's standpoint, and the right side to the viewer.
    Antonym: dexter
  5. (obsolete) Wrong, as springing from indirection or obliquity; perverse; dishonest.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit


DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

sinister (comparative sinisterder, superlative sinisterst)

  1. sinister

InflectionEdit

Inflection of sinister
uninflected sinister
inflected sinistere
comparative sinisterder
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial sinister sinisterder het sinisterst
het sinisterste
indefinite m./f. sing. sinistere sinisterdere sinisterste
n. sing. sinister sinisterder sinisterste
plural sinistere sinisterdere sinisterste
definite sinistere sinisterdere sinisterste
partitive sinisters sinisterders

GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

sinister (comparative sinisterer, superlative am sinistersten)

  1. sinister

DeclensionEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *senisteros, of unknown origin, but possibly from a euphemism from the same Proto-Indo-European root as Sanskrit सनीयान् (sanīyān, more useful, more advantageous).[1]

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

sinister (feminine sinistra, neuter sinistrum); first/second-declension adjective (nominative masculine singular in -er)

  1. left
    Synonyms: laevus, scaevus
    Antonym: dexter
  2. perverse, bad; or adverse, hostile
    • 1st BC, Virgilius
      mores sinistri
      arboribus Notus sinister
  3. (religion) auspicious (for Romans) or inauspicious (for Greeks)
    • 1st BC, Virgilius
      sinistra cornix, good omen
    • 2nd century, Apuleius
      sinistro pede profectus, started with bad omen

DeclensionEdit

First/second-declension adjective (nominative masculine singular in -er).

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative sinister sinistra sinistrum sinistrī sinistrae sinistra
Genitive sinistrī sinistrae sinistrī sinistrōrum sinistrārum sinistrōrum
Dative sinistrō sinistrō sinistrīs
Accusative sinistrum sinistram sinistrum sinistrōs sinistrās sinistra
Ablative sinistrō sinistrā sinistrō sinistrīs
Vocative sinister sinistra sinistrum sinistrī sinistrae sinistra

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • sinister in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • sinister in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • Castiglioni-Mariotti, IL
  1. ^ Per Klein, Buck.