Latin edit

Etymology edit

From ob- +‎ struō.

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

obstruō (present infinitive obstruere, perfect active obstrūxī, supine obstrūctum); third conjugation

  1. to build before or against; build, block, or wall up; stop up, barricade, render impassable
    Synonyms: claudō, obstō, intersaepio, officiō, premō, assideō, obsideō
  2. to obstruct, stop up, hinder, impede
    Synonyms: saepiō, obstō, impediō, arceō, intersaepio, inclūdō, perimō, officiō, comprimō

Conjugation edit

   Conjugation of obstruō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present obstruō obstruis obstruit obstruimus obstruitis obstruunt
imperfect obstruēbam obstruēbās obstruēbat obstruēbāmus obstruēbātis obstruēbant
future obstruam obstruēs obstruet obstruēmus obstruētis obstruent
perfect obstrūxī obstrūxistī obstrūxit obstrūximus obstrūxistis obstrūxērunt,
pluperfect obstrūxeram obstrūxerās obstrūxerat obstrūxerāmus obstrūxerātis obstrūxerant
future perfect obstrūxerō obstrūxeris obstrūxerit obstrūxerimus obstrūxeritis obstrūxerint
passive present obstruor obstrueris,
obstruitur obstruimur obstruiminī obstruuntur
imperfect obstruēbar obstruēbāris,
obstruēbātur obstruēbāmur obstruēbāminī obstruēbantur
future obstruar obstruēris,
obstruētur obstruēmur obstruēminī obstruentur
perfect obstrūctus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect obstrūctus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect obstrūctus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present obstruam obstruās obstruat obstruāmus obstruātis obstruant
imperfect obstruerem obstruerēs obstrueret obstruerēmus obstruerētis obstruerent
perfect obstrūxerim obstrūxerīs obstrūxerit obstrūxerīmus obstrūxerītis obstrūxerint
pluperfect obstrūxissem obstrūxissēs obstrūxisset obstrūxissēmus obstrūxissētis obstrūxissent
passive present obstruar obstruāris,
obstruātur obstruāmur obstruāminī obstruantur
imperfect obstruerer obstruerēris,
obstruerētur obstruerēmur obstruerēminī obstruerentur
perfect obstrūctus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect obstrūctus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present obstrue obstruite
future obstruitō obstruitō obstruitōte obstruuntō
passive present obstruere obstruiminī
future obstruitor obstruitor obstruuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives obstruere obstrūxisse obstrūctūrum esse obstruī obstrūctum esse obstrūctum īrī
participles obstruēns obstrūctūrus obstrūctus obstruendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
obstruendī obstruendō obstruendum obstruendō obstrūctum obstrūctū

Descendants edit

References edit

  • obstruo”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • obstruo”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • obstruo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to obstruct a road; to close a route: iter obstruere
    • to barricade a door (a city-gate): valvas (portam) obstruere
    • to obstruct a person's view, shut out his light by building: luminibus alicuius obstruere, officere
    • to barricade the gates: portas obstruere (B. G. 5. 50)

Portuguese edit

Verb edit


  1. first-person singular present indicative of obstruir