1644, from Latin perennis (lasting through the whole year) (itself from per- (through) + annus (year)) + -al; surface analysis per- +‎ -ennial.


  • IPA(key): /pəˈɹɛni.əl/
  • (file)


perennial (not comparable)

  1. Lasting or remaining active throughout the year, or all the time.
    a perennial stream
  2. (botany, of a plant) Having a life cycle of more than two years.
    Coordinate terms: annual, biennial
  3. (figuratively) Continuing without cessation or intermission; perpetual; never failing.
    Synonyms: perpetual, permanent, unceasing
  4. (figuratively) Enduring; lasting; timeless.
    Synonyms: timeless, everlasting, perpetual; see also Thesaurus:eternal
    His artwork has a perennial beauty.
  5. (figuratively) Recurrent; appearing or recurring again and again.
    Synonyms: recurring, repetitious; see also Thesaurus:repetitive
    Change is a perennial theme in politics.
    a perennial candidate

Derived termsEdit


The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.


perennial (plural perennials)

  1. A perennial plant; a plant that is active throughout the year or survives for more than two growing seasons.
    Coordinate terms: annual, biennial, evergreen


Further readingEdit