First attested early 1400s as various Middle English forms prayne, prane, praune, and prawne, which present no clear cognates in languages other than English. The forms suggest a hypothetical Old English form *prægn, where *æg would have evolved into Middle English *ay, but it is unclear if the word is of Germanic origin, from another European language, or loaned from a substrate. In the Isle of Wight, a word prankle ("prawn") is recorded and thought to be related. Century, following Skeat, suggested transposition of an unrecorded Old French *parne, *perne related to Spanish perna (“a flat shellfish”), Old Italian perna and diminutive pernochie, parnocchie, glossed as "shrimps or prawne, fishes" by John Florio, but the OED considers Florio's entry incorrect and the suggested connection semantically and phonologically implausible.
(woman with toned body but unattractive face): From the idea of discarding the head of a prawn before eating it.
- (UK) IPA(key): /pɹɔːn/
- (General Australian, General New Zealand) IPA(key): /pɹoːn/
- (US, Canada) IPA(key): /pɹɔn/
Audio (AU) (file)
- Rhymes: -ɔːn
- A crustacean of the suborder Dendrobranchiata.
- (Commonwealth of Nations) A crustacean, sometimes confused with shrimp.
- (slang, derogatory) A woman with a very toned body, but an unattractive face.
- (Australia) A fool, an idiot.
- Aesop prawn
- Alaskan prawn (Pandalus platyceros)
- banana prawn (Penaeidae spp.)
- come the raw prawn
- common prawn (Palaemon serratus)
- deep-sea prawn, deepwater prawn (Pandalus borealis)
- Dublin Bay prawn (Nephrops norvegicus)
- furrowed prawn (Penaeus latisulcatus)
- giant tiger prawn (Penaeus monodon)
- green prawn
- great northern prawn (Pandalus borealis)
- Indian prawn (Fenneropenaeus indicus)
- king prawn
- kuruma prawn (Marsupenaeus japonicus)
- long-clawed prawn (Palaemon australis)
- mantis prawn (Squilla)
- monsoon river prawn (Macrobrachium malcolmsonii)
- musical prawn (Penaeopsis novae-guineae)
- Oriental river prawn (Macrobrachium nipponense)
- Parktown prawn (Libanasidus vittatus)
- pistol prawn (Crangonidae spp.)
- queen prawn (Penaeidae spp.)
- river prawn (Palaemon australis)
- royal red prawn (Haliporoides sibogae)
- school prawn (Metapenaeus macleayi)
- snapping prawn (Crangonidae spp.)
- soldier prawn (Plesionka martia)
- spot prawn (Pandalus platyceros)
- tiger prawn (Penaeus monodon)
Alternate spelling of pron (pronounced identically with cot-caught merger), which in turn is a corrupted spelling of porn.
prawn (plural prawns)
- Alternative form of .
- Oxford English Dictionary, 1884–1928, and First Supplement, 1933.
- Århammar, Nils (1986): Aspects of Language: Geolinguistics
- ^ “PRANKLE” in Joseph Wright, editor, The English Dialect Dictionary: […], volume IV (M–Q), London: Published by Henry Frowde, […], publisher to the English Dialect Society, […]; New York, N.Y.: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1903, →OCLC.
- ^ prawn in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.