From French psychologie, from Renaissance Latin psychologia, from Ancient Greek ψυχή (psukhḗ, “soul”) + -λογία (-logía, “study of”), equivalent to psycho- + -logy. The Latin term is believed by some to have been coined in a lost treatise by Croatian humanist Marko Marulić (1450–1524), but this is disputed by other scholars; it is first attested in the 1570s, at which time it was apparently already current, and may be a Hellenization of the established expression dē animā (“on the soul”) in titles.
- (General American) enPR: sī-kŏlʹə-jē, IPA(key): /saɪˈkɑləd͡ʒi/
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /saɪˈkɒləd͡ʒɪ/
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -ɒləd͡ʒi
- Hyphenation: psy‧chol‧o‧gy
psychology (countable and uncountable, plural psychologies)
- (uncountable) The study of the human mind.
- (uncountable) The study of human or animal behavior.
- (uncountable, chiefly historical) The study of the soul.
- 2010, Harold Tarrant, “Platonism before Plotinus”, in Lloyd P. Gerson, editor, The Cambridge History of Philosophy in Late Antiquity, volume 1, →ISBN:
- (countable) The mental, emotional, and behavioral characteristics pertaining to a specified person, group, or activity.
- 1970, Mary M. Luke, A Crown for Elizabeth, page 8:
- For generations, historians have conjectured everything from a warped psychology to a deformed body as accounting for Elizabeth's preferred spinsterhood...
- 1969, Victor Alba, The Latin Americans, page 42:
- In the United States, the psychology of a laborer, a farmer, a businessman does not differ in any important respect.
- abnormal psychology
- behavioral psychology
- behavioural psychology
- biological psychology
- clinical psychology
- cognitive psychology
- criminal psychology
- crowd psychology
- depth psychology
- differential psychology
- evolutionary psychology
- reverse psychology
- social psychology
study of the human mind
the study of human or animal behavior
the mental characteristics of a particular individual
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
Translations to be checked
- ^ Vidal, Fernando (2011) The Sciences of the Soul: The Early Modern Origins of Psychology, University of Chicago Press, pages 25–26
- psychology in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913
- psychology in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911