English edit

Etymology edit

From Latin rēgnum (kingdom). Doublet of reign.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

regnum (plural regnums or regna)

  1. (biology, taxonomy) A rank in the classification of organisms, below dominium and above divisio.
    Synonym: kingdom
  2. A badge of royalty, especially the early form of the pope's tiara.

Anagrams edit

Latin edit

Etymology edit

From rēx (king).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

rēgnum n (genitive rēgnī); second declension

  1. royal power, power, control, kingdom, reign
    Sum sine rēgnō.I am without a kingdom.
  2. kingship, royalty
    • 43 BCEc. 17 CE, Ovid, Fasti 5.461-462:
      ‘quī modo, sī volucrēs habuissem rēgna iubentēs,
      in populō potuī maximus esse meō’
      “I who just now, if I would have had the bird-omens ordaining kingship, I might have been able to be the greatest among my people.”
      (The ghost of Remus laments how the auspices or bird-omens instead favored his brother Romulus to be king; see Romulus and Remus.)
  3. in a negative sense: despotism, tyranny, aspiring to or seeking the throne or royal power during the Roman Republic
    • 43 BCEc. 17 CE, Ovid, Fasti 6.189-190:
      vīxit, ut occīderet damnātus crīmine rēgnī:
      hunc illī titulum longa senecta dabat.
      He lived, that he might die, having been condemned in the crime of [aspiring to] royal power: This [is] the title that was given him in old age.
      (See: Marcus Manlius Capitolinus.)

Declension edit

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative rēgnum rēgna
Genitive rēgnī rēgnōrum
Dative rēgnō rēgnīs
Accusative rēgnum rēgna
Ablative rēgnō rēgnīs
Vocative rēgnum rēgna

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

References edit

  • regnum”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • regnum”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • regnum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • regnum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to take upon oneself absolute power: imperium, regnum, tyrannidem occupare
    • to aspire to the sovereignty: regnum appetere (B. G. 7. 4)
    • to obtain the sovereignty, kingly office: regnum adipisci
    • to invest some one with royal power: alicui regnum deferre, tradere
    • to restore a king to his throne (not in solium): aliquem in regnum restituere
    • (ambiguous) to depose a king: aliquem regno spoliare or expellere (Div. 1. 22. 74)
  • regnum”, in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly