From Middle English saddenen, equivalent to sad +‎ -en.



sadden (third-person singular simple present saddens, present participle saddening, simple past and past participle saddened)

  1. (transitive) To make sad or unhappy.
    • (Can we date this quote by Alexander Pope and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Her gloomy presence saddens all the scene.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 7, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
      The turmoil went on—no rest, no peace. […] It was nearly eleven o'clock now, and he strolled out again. In the little fair created by the costers' barrows the evening only seemed beginning; and the naphtha flares made one's eyes ache, the men's voices grated harshly, and the girls' faces saddened one.
    It saddens me to think that I might have hurt someone.
  2. (intransitive, rare) To become sad or unhappy.
    • 1999, Mary Ann Mitchell, Drawn To The Grave[1]:
      Hyacinth perfume tickled her senses, making her feel giddy, but she saddened when she saw how uncared for the garden was.
  3. (transitive, rare) To darken a color during dyeing.
  4. (transitive) To render heavy or cohesive.
    • (Can we date this quote by Mortimer and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Marl is binding, and saddening of land is the great prejudice it doth to clay lands.



Northern SamiEdit


  • (Kautokeino) IPA(key): /ˈsadːden/



  1. first-person singular past indicative of saddit