- (transitive) To make sad or unhappy.
- 1717, Alexander Pope, Eloisa to Abelard:
- Her gloomy presence saddens all the scene.
- 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 7, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
- The turmoil went on—no rest, no peace. […] It was nearly eleven o'clock now, and he strolled out again. In the little fair created by the costers' barrows the evening only seemed beginning; and the naphtha flares made one's eyes ache, the men's voices grated harshly, and the girls' faces saddened one.
- It saddens me to think that I might have hurt someone.
- (intransitive, rare) To become sad or unhappy.
- 1999, Mary Ann Mitchell, Drawn To The Grave:
- Hyacinth perfume tickled her senses, making her feel giddy, but she saddened when she saw how uncared for the garden was.
- (transitive, rare) To darken a color during dyeing.
- (transitive) To render heavy or cohesive.
- 1707, J[ohn] Mortimer, The Whole Art of Husbandry; or, The Way of Managing and Improving of Land. […], 2nd edition, London: […] J[ohn] H[umphreys] for H[enry] Mortlock […], and J[onathan] Robinson […], published 1708, OCLC 13320837:
- Marle's binding and sadning of land being the great Prejudice it doth to Clay-lands.
make sad or unhappy
become sad or unhappy