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See also: Silicon and silicón

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EnglishEdit

Chemical element
Si Previous: aluminium (Al)
Next: phosphorus (P)
 
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PronunciationEdit

  • enPR: sĭl'ĭkən, IPA(key): /ˈsɪlɪkən/; enPR: sĭl'ĭkŏn, IPA(key): /ˈsɪləkɑn/
  • (file)

Etymology 1Edit

From the stem of Latin silex (flint, silica) + -on from carbon.

NounEdit

silicon (usually uncountable, plural silicons)

  1. (chemistry, uncountable) A nonmetallic element (symbol Si) with an atomic number of 14 and atomic weight of 28.0855.
    • 1970, James W[alter] Mayer; Lennart Eriksson; John A[rthur] Davies, “General Features of Ion Implantation”, in Ion Implantation in Semiconductors: Silicon and Germanium, New York, N.Y.: Academic Press, OCLC 912401876, page 5:
      The isolated disordered regions and the amorphous layer have widely different anneal behavior. In the case of germanium and silicon, the isolated disordered regions anneal at moderate temperatures of approximately 200° and 300° C, respectively. The amorphous layers also anneal in a characteristic fashion, but at appreciably higher temperatures, i.e., at approximately 600° C in silicon and 400° C in germanium.
  2. (chemistry, countable) A single atom of this element.
Usage notesEdit

Do not confuse silicon with silicone.

SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
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TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From the silicon chips used in computers

NounEdit

silicon (uncountable)

  1. (slang) computing
  2. (slang) computer processor
  3. Abbreviation of silicon chip.

Further readingEdit

  • Silicon” in David Barthelmy, Webmineral Mineralogy Database[1], 1997–.
  • silicon”, in Mindat.org[2], Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, accessed 29 August 2016.

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French silicone.

NounEdit

silicon m (plural siliconi)

  1. (chemistry) silicone

DeclensionEdit

NounEdit

silicon n (plural silicoane)

  1. (informal, chiefly in the plural) breast implant

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit