Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English *sloume, sloumbe, slume, from Old English slūma (sleep, slumber), from Proto-Germanic *slūm- (to be slack, loose, or limp), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)lew- (limp, flabby). Compare slumber and Dutch sloom.

Alternative formsEdit


sloom (plural slooms)

  1. A gentle sleep; slumber.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English slumen, slummen, from Old English *slūmian (to slumber, sleep gently), from Proto-Germanic *slūm- (to be slack, loose, or limp), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)lew- (limp, flabby).

Alternative formsEdit


sloom (third-person singular simple present slooms, present participle slooming, simple past and past participle sloomed)

  1. (Scotland, obsolete) To sleep lightly, to doze, to nod; to be half-asleep.
    • 1886, Amelia Edith Huddleston Barr, The Squire of Sandal-Side A Pastoral Romance:
      The squire sloomed and slept in his chair; and finally, after a cup of tea, went to bed.
    • a. 1853, Jane Ermina Locke, "Elia", in The Recalled: In Voices of the Past, and Poems of the Ideal, James Munroe and Company (1854), page 193:
      To his castle’s portal, / At the morning gloaming, / Bore they all the mortal / From the battle’s foaming, / Of the white bannered warrior knight, / Cold in his armor slooming!
    • 1900, Amelia Edith Huddleston Barr, The Maid of Maiden lane, Dodd, Mead and Company, page 181:
      Then the doctor was slooming and nodding, and waking up and saying a word or two, and relapsing again into semi-unconsciousness.
    • 1936, Esmond Quinterley, Ushering Interlude,[1] The Fortune Press, page 66:
      The afternoon sun painted amber patterns on the Turkey red hearthrug: the only splash of colour in the dun room. Potter sloomed in the arms of the chair.
    • 2001, Gemma O'Connor, Walking on Water,[2][3] Berkley Publishing Group (2003), →ISBN, page 205:
      He lay slooming half-asleep, half-awake, thinking about Tuesday afternoon.
  2. (of plants or soil) To soften or rot with damp.
    • a. 1807, unidentified young farmer, letter to his father, printed in Edinburgh Farmers’ Magazine 1807, reprinted in The Farmer’s Register, Volume 7, Number 9 (1839 September 30), page 540:
      He adds, that one hundred bolls, or fifty quarters of wheat may be thrashed in a day of eight hours, unless the grain has been sloomed or mildewed; []
    • 1824 August, “Remarks on Captian Napier's Essay on Store-Farming”, in The Farmer’s Magazine, Volume XXV, Archibald Constable and Company (publishers), page 329:
      [] no other spot over their whole pastured offered as much verdure at this time as these seemingly sloomed places.
    • c. 1854, Alexander J. Main, “Experiments with Special Manures”, in Transactions of the Highland and Agricultural Society of Scotland, W. Blackwood & Sons (1855), page 17:
      It must be explained, however, that in the latter case the “slooming” of the crop had an injurious effect on its yield; []





  • IPA(key): /sloːm/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -oːm


(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)


sloom (comparative slomer, superlative sloomst)

  1. sluggish, lifeless


Inflection of sloom
uninflected sloom
inflected slome
comparative slomer
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial sloom slomer het sloomst
het sloomste
indefinite m./f. sing. slome slomere sloomste
n. sing. sloom slomer sloomste
plural slome slomere sloomste
definite slome slomere sloomste
partitive slooms slomers