English edit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology edit

From Middle English roten, rotten, from Old English rotian (to rot, become corrupted, ulcerate, putrefy), from Proto-Germanic *rutāną (to rot).

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

rot (third-person singular simple present rots, present participle rotting, simple past and past participle rotted)

  1. (intransitive) To suffer decomposition due to biological action, especially by fungi or bacteria.
    The apple left in the cupboard all that time had started to rot.
  2. (intransitive) To decline in function or utility.
    Your brain will rot if you spend so much time on the computer, Tony!
  3. (transitive, intransitive) To (cause to) deteriorate in any way, as in morals; to corrupt.
  4. (transitive) To make putrid; to cause to be wholly or partially decomposed by natural processes.
    to rot vegetable fiber
  5. (intransitive, figurative) To spend a long period of time (in an unpleasant place).
    to rot in prison
    to rot in Hell
  6. (transitive) To expose, as flax, to a process of maceration, etc., for the purpose of separating the fiber; to ret.
  7. (dated, slang) To talk nonsense.
    • 1894, H. G. Wells, The Hammerpond Park Burglary:
      “Did they hang you well?” said Porson.
      “Don’t rot,” said Mr Watkins; “I don’t like it.”
    • 1991, Stephen Fry, chapter III, in The Liar, London: William Heinemann, →ISBN, page 26:
      Adrian thought it worth while to try out his new slang. ‘I say, you fellows, here's a rum go. Old Biffo was jolly odd this morning. He gave me a lot of pi-jaw about slacking and then invited me to tea. No rotting! He did really.’

Synonyms edit

Translations edit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Noun edit

rot (countable and uncountable, plural rots)

  1. The process of becoming rotten; putrefaction.
  2. Decaying matter.
    • 2016, Nathanael Johnson, Unseen City, →ISBN, page 115:
      When a turkey vulture detects the scent of rot, it circles down, tracing the plume of chemicals to its source.
  3. Any of several diseases in which breakdown of tissue occurs.
    • 1658–1663, John Milton, Paradise Lost:
      His cattle must of rot and murrain die.
  4. (uncountable) Verbal nonsense.
    You're talking rot! I don't believe a word.

Synonyms edit

Translations edit

Derived terms edit

from noun or verb

Anagrams edit

Afrikaans edit

Etymology edit

From Dutch rot, dialectal form of rat.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

rot (plural rotte)

  1. rat

See also edit

Alemannic German edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Middle High German rōt (red, red-haired), from Old High German rōt (red, scarlet, purple-red, brown-red, yellow-red), from Proto-Germanic *raudaz. Cognate with German rot, Dutch rood, English red, West Frisian read, Danish rød.

Adjective edit

rot

  1. (Formazza) red

References edit

Catalan edit

Etymology edit

From Latin ructus.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

rot m (plural rots)

  1. belch
    Synonym: eructe

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

Dutch edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

See rotten

Adjective edit

rot (comparative rotter, superlative rotst)

  1. rotten, spoiled, decayed, putrid
  2. rotten, tedious, unkind, mean
Inflection edit
Inflection of rot
uninflected rot
inflected rotte
comparative rotter
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial rot rotter het rotst
het rotste
indefinite m./f. sing. rotte rottere rotste
n. sing. rot rotter rotste
plural rotte rottere rotste
definite rotte rottere rotste
partitive rots rotters
Derived terms edit

Noun edit

rot n (plural rotten, diminutive rotje n)

  1. rot, something rotten, something rotting

Etymology 2 edit

From Middle Dutch rotte.

Noun edit

rot f (plural rotten, diminutive rotje n)

  1. (dialectal, Northern) Alternative form of rat.
Derived terms edit

Etymology 3 edit

From Middle Dutch rote.

Noun edit

rot n or f (plural rotten, diminutive rotje n)

  1. (military) a file (of men)
  2. (obsolete) multitude, band, throng
    Synonyms: drom, massa, menigte, schare

Anagrams edit

French edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Latin ructus.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

rot m (plural rots)

  1. (colloquial) belch, burp
    Synonyms: éructation, renvoi
    • 2014, Édouard Louis, En finir avec Eddy Bellegueule [The End of Eddy], Le Seuil:
      Des habitudes, des façons de se comporter qui m’avaient façonné et qui pourtant, déjà, me semblaient déplacées — comme les habitudes de ma famille : se promener nu dans la maison, les rots à table, les mains qui n’étaient pas lavées avant le repas.
      Habits and ways of behaving which had moulded me, and yet already seemed inappropriate to me – like the way my family would walk around the house naked, burp at the table, not wash their hands before a meal.

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

Friulian edit

Etymology edit

From Latin ruptus.

Adjective edit

rot (feminine rote)

  1. broken

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

German edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Middle High German rōt (red, red-haired), from Old High German rōt (red, scarlet, purple-red, brown-red, yellow-red), from Proto-West Germanic *raud, from Proto-Germanic *raudaz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rowdʰós, from *h₁rewdʰ-.

Compare Low German root, rod, rot, Dutch rood, English red, West Frisian read, Danish rød.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

rot (strong nominative masculine singular roter, comparative röter or roter, superlative am rötesten or am rotesten)

  1. red (colour)
  2. (politics, relational) red (pertaining to Marxism in the widest sense: social democratic, socialist, communist)
    1. (politics, Germany, in particular, relational) of the social democratic SPD or the more rigidly socialist Linke
  3. (possibly mildly offensive) red-haired
  4. (historical, possibly offensive) redskin; Native American; Indian

Declension edit

Synonyms edit

Hyponyms edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

  • rot” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache
  • rot” in Uni Leipzig: Wortschatz-Lexikon
  • rot” in Duden online
  • rot” in OpenThesaurus.de
  •   rot on the German Wikipedia.Wikipedia de

German Low German edit

Adjective edit

rot

  1. Alternative spelling of root

Icelandic edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Noun edit

rot n (genitive singular rots, no plural)

  1. unconsciousness, insensibility
Declension edit
Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

See rotna

Noun edit

rot n (genitive singular rots, nominative plural rot)

  1. rot, decay, putrefaction
Declension edit
Related terms edit

Middle English edit

Etymology 1 edit

Noun edit

rot

  1. Alternative form of rote (root)

Etymology 2 edit

Verb edit

rot

  1. Alternative form of roten (to rot)

Etymology 3 edit

A back-formation from roten (to rot).

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

rot (uncountable)

  1. Rotting or decomposition; the situation where something rots.
  2. Any disease which causes decaying and decomposition in humans.
  3. A disease that afflicts sheep; footrot, the rot.
Descendants edit
  • English: rot
References edit

Norwegian Bokmål edit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Norse rót, from Proto-Germanic *wrōts, from Proto-Indo-European *wréh₂ds.

Noun edit

rot m or f (definite singular rota or roten, indefinite plural røtter, definite plural røttene)

  1. root (part of a plant normally below ground level)
  2. root (of a tooth)
  3. root (of a hair)
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Verb edit

rot

  1. imperative of rote

References edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

From Old Norse rót, from Proto-Germanic *wrōts, from Proto-Indo-European *wréh₂ds. Akin to English root.

Noun edit

rot f (definite singular rota, indefinite plural røter, definite plural røtene)

  1. root (of a plant)
  2. root (of a tooth)
  3. root (of a hair)
Inflection edit
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Old Norse rót.

Noun edit

rot n (definite singular rotet, uncountable)

  1. a mess, untidiness, chaos
    Det er for mykje rot på loftet. Me må rydda.
    The attic is a mess. We have to tidy it up.
    Når me prøver å samarbeida med dei, blir det berre rot.
    When we try working with them, it just turns into chaos.

References edit

Anagrams edit

Old Dutch edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-West Germanic *raud.

Adjective edit

rōt

  1. red

Inflection edit

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants edit

Further reading edit

  • rōt”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012

Old High German edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-West Germanic *raud, from Proto-Germanic *raudaz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rowdʰós, from *h₁rewdʰ-.

Adjective edit

rōt

  1. red

Descendants edit

Old Swedish edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse rót, from Proto-Germanic *wrōts.

Noun edit

rōt f

  1. root

Declension edit

Descendants edit

Pennsylvania German edit

Etymology edit

From Middle High German and Old High German rōt, from Proto-West Germanic *raud, from Proto-Germanic *raudaz. Compare German rot, Dutch rood, English red.

Adjective edit

rot

  1. red

Polish edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

rot f

  1. genitive plural of rota

Swedish edit

Etymology edit

From Old Swedish rōt, from Old Norse rót, from Proto-Germanic *wrōts, from Proto-Indo-European *wréh₂ds.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

rot c

  1. root; the part of a plant that anchors the plant body
  2. the part of a tooth extending into the bone holding the tooth in place
  3. source; an underlying cause
    Kärleken till pengar är roten till allt ont.
    The love of money is the root of all evil.
  4. (mathematics) of a number n, a positive number which, when raised to a specified power, yields n; the square root is understood if no power is specified
    Kubikroten ur 27 är 3.
    The cube root of 27 is 3.
    Multiplicera med roten ur 2.
    Multiply by root 2.
  5. (mathematics) a zero (of a function).
  6. (mathematics) a designated node in a tree.
  7. (mathematics) curl; a measure on how fast a vector field rotates: it can be described as the cross product of del and a given vectorial field
  8. (computing) root directory
  9. (linguistics) a word from which another word is derived.

Declension edit

Declension of rot 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative rot roten rötter rötterna
Genitive rots rotens rötters rötternas

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

See also edit

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Tok Pisin edit

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Etymology edit

From English road.

Noun edit

rot

  1. road, street
    • '2003, Mühlhäusler et al., Tok Pisin texts, John Benjamins Publishing Company, page 9:
      Planti liklik rot i stap long ailan hia.
      Many little roads exist on this island.

References edit

Tok Pisin texts: from the beginning to the present / edited by Peter Mühlhäusler, Thomas E. Dutton, Suzanne Romaine. / John Benjamins Publishing Company / Copyright 2003 / →ISBN / page 106

Vilamovian edit

Etymology edit

From Italian rata (installment).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

rōt f (plural rota)

  1. installment (a kind of payment)