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Borrowed from Latin subtractus, perfect passive participle of subtrahō (I draw from beneath; withdraw, remove); from sub (under) + trahō (I draw, pull, drag).

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subtract (third-person singular simple present subtracts, present participle subtracting, simple past and past participle subtracted)

  1. (transitive, arithmetic) To remove or reduce; especially to reduce a quantity or number
    If you subtract the $100 for gas from the total cost, it was a fairly inexpensive trip.

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