From sulcus ‎(furrow, ditch, track).



sulcō ‎(present infinitive sulcāre, perfect active sulcāvī, supine sulcātum); first conjugation

  1. I plough, furrow, turn up.
  2. I carve, cleave.
  3. (figuratively) I sail over, traverse, pass through, cross.


   Conjugation of sulco (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sulcō sulcās sulcat sulcāmus sulcātis sulcant
imperfect sulcābam sulcābās sulcābat sulcābāmus sulcābātis sulcābant
future sulcābō sulcābis sulcābit sulcābimus sulcābitis sulcābunt
perfect sulcāvī sulcāvistī sulcāvit sulcāvimus sulcāvistis sulcāvērunt, sulcāvēre
pluperfect sulcāveram sulcāverās sulcāverat sulcāverāmus sulcāverātis sulcāverant
future perfect sulcāverō sulcāveris sulcāverit sulcāverimus sulcāveritis sulcāverint
passive present sulcor sulcāris, sulcāre sulcātur sulcāmur sulcāminī sulcantur
imperfect sulcābar sulcābāris, sulcābāre sulcābātur sulcābāmur sulcābāminī sulcābantur
future sulcābor sulcāberis, sulcābere sulcābitur sulcābimur sulcābiminī sulcābuntur
perfect sulcātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect sulcātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect sulcātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sulcem sulcēs sulcet sulcēmus sulcētis sulcent
imperfect sulcārem sulcārēs sulcāret sulcārēmus sulcārētis sulcārent
perfect sulcāverim sulcāverīs sulcāverit sulcāverīmus sulcāverītis sulcāverint
pluperfect sulcāvissem sulcāvissēs sulcāvisset sulcāvissēmus sulcāvissētis sulcāvissent
passive present sulcer sulcēris, sulcēre sulcētur sulcēmur sulcēminī sulcentur
imperfect sulcārer sulcārēris, sulcārēre sulcārētur sulcārēmur sulcārēminī sulcārentur
perfect sulcātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect sulcātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sulcā sulcāte
future sulcātō sulcātō sulcātōte sulcantō
passive present sulcāre sulcāminī
future sulcātor sulcātor sulcantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives sulcāre sulcāvisse sulcātūrus esse sulcārī sulcātus esse sulcātum īrī
participles sulcāns sulcātūrus sulcātus sulcandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
sulcāre sulcandī sulcandō sulcandum sulcātum sulcātū

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit




sulco m (plural sulcos)

  1. furrow (trench cut in the soil with a plough)
  2. furrow (any trench, channel or groove)



  1. first-person singular (eu) present indicative of sulcar
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