From Malay syah, from Persian شاه(šâh, shah), from Middle Persian 𐭬𐭫𐭪𐭠(mlkʾ /šāh/), from Old Persian 𐏋 ( /xšāyaθiya/, king), from Proto-Iranian *xšáyati, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *kšáyati (he rules, he has power over), from Proto-Indo-European *tek- (to gain power over, gain control over). Doublet of cek.


  • IPA(key): /ʃah/
  • Hyphenation: syah



  1. king:
    1. (archaic) a male monarch; a man who heads a monarchy. If it is an absolute monarchy, then he is the supreme ruler of his nation.
      Synonym: raja
    2. (chess, obsolete) the principal chess piece, that players seek to threaten with unavoidable capture to result in a victory by checkmate. It is often the tallest piece, with a symbolic crown with a cross at the top.
      Synonym: raja
  2. shah

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