Acehnese

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Sanskrit गज (gaja).

Noun

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gajah

  1. elephant (mammal)

Brunei Malay

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Sanskrit गज (gaja) (compare Malay gajah).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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gajah

  1. elephant

Indonesian

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Malay gajah, from Classical Malay gajah (elephant), from Sanskrit गज (gaja).

Pronunciation

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  • Audio:(file)
  • IPA(key): /ˈɡad͡ʒah/, [ˈɡa.d͡ʒah]
  • Hyphenation: ga‧jah

Noun

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gajah (first-person possessive gajahku, second-person possessive gajahmu, third-person possessive gajahnya)

  1. elephant (mammal)
  2. (chess) bishop
  3. (figurative) big-sized objects

Synonyms

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See also

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Chess pieces in Indonesian · buah catur (see also: catur) (layout · text)
           
raja menteri, patih, ratu, ster benteng gajah, loper, menteri, luncung, luncur, peluncur kuda bidak, pion, prajurit

Further reading

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Javanese

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Romanization

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gajah

  1. Romanization of ꦒꦗꦃ

Maguindanao

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Malay gajah, from Sanskrit गज (gaja).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈɡad͡ʒah/, [ˈɡa.d͡ʒah]

Noun

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gajah (Jawi spelling ݢاجه)

  1. elephant (mammal)

Malay

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Sanskrit गज (gaja). Partially displaced liman.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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gajah (Jawi spelling ݢاجه, plural gajah-gajah, informal 1st possessive gajahku, 2nd possessive gajahmu, 3rd possessive gajahnya)

  1. An elephant; a type of mammal.
    Gajah mempunyai kulit tebal.
    Elephants have thick skin.
  2. (sports) The bishop piece in chess.
  3. (in certain compound nouns) A giant.
    Antonym: padi
    nyamuk gajahgiant mosquito

Affixations

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Compounds

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Descendants

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  • Indonesian: gajah
  • Bikol Central: gadyâ
  • Cebuano: gadyâ
  • Maguindanao: gajah
  • Tagalog: gadya
  • Tausug: gadja

See also

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Chess pieces in Malay · buah catur
بواه چاتور (layout · text)
           
raja, syah
راج, شاه
bendahara, menteri, permaisuri, ratu
بنداهارا, منتري, ڤرمايسوري, راتو
benteng, tir
بينتيڠ, تير
gajah
ݢاجه
kuda
کودا
bidak, piadah, pion
بيدق, ڤياده, ڤيون

References

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  • Traces of Contact in the Lexicon[1], Brill, 2023, →ISBN, page 39
  • Kosakata Bahasa Sanskerta dalam Bahasa Melayu Masa Kini, Jakarta, Indonesia: Pusat Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Bahasa. Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia, 1994, →ISBN, pages 65-6
  • Pijnappel, Jan (1875) “ݣاجه gadjah”, in Maleisch-Hollandsch woordenboek, John Enschede en Zonen, Frederik Muller, page 98
  • Wilkinson, Richard James (1901) “ݢاجه gajah”, in A Malay-English dictionary, Hong Kong: Kelly & Walsh limited, page 557
  • Wilkinson, Richard James (1932) “gajah”, in A Malay-English dictionary (romanised), volume I, Mytilene, Greece: Salavopoulos & Kinderlis, page 318

Further reading

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Sundanese

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Romanization

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gajah

  1. Romanization of ᮌᮏᮂ