Indonesian

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Etymology

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From Malay menteri, from Sanskrit मन्त्री (mantrī). Doublet of mandarin, manti, and mantri.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [məntəˈri], [mənˈtri]
  • Audio:(file)
  • Hyphenation: men‧te‧ri

Noun

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mêntêri (plural para menteri, menteri-menteri, first-person possessive menteriku, second-person possessive menterimu, third-person possessive menterinya)

  1. (government) minister, a politician who heads a ministry (national or regional government department for public service).
    Synonym: nayaka
  2. (chess) queen: the most powerful piece, able to move any number of spaces horizontally, vertically, or diagonally.
    Synonyms: ratu, ster
  3. (chess) bishop: the chess piece denoted ♗ or ♝ which moves along diagonal lines and developed from the shatranj alfil ("elephant") and was originally known as the aufil or archer in English.
    Synonyms: gajah, luncup, loper

Alternative forms

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Derived terms

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See also

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Chess pieces in Indonesian · buah catur (see also: catur) (layout · text)
           
raja menteri, patih, ratu, ster benteng gajah, loper, menteri, luncung, luncur, peluncur kuda bidak, pion, prajurit

Further reading

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Malay

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Etymology

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From Hindi मन्त्रि (mantri), from Sanskrit मन्त्री (mantrī), from Sanskrit मन्त्रिन् (mantrin, minister, councillor), from मन्त्र (mantra, counsel, maxim, mantra) + -इन् (-in, an agent suffix).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [mən.tə.ri]
  • Rhymes: -ri, -i
  • Hyphenation: men‧te‧ri

Noun

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mĕntĕri (Jawi spelling منتري, plural menteri-menteri, informal 1st possessive menteriku, 2nd possessive menterimu, 3rd possessive menterinya)

  1. (government) A minister; the head of a ministry.
    menteri luar negeriminister of foreign affairs
  2. (archaic, historical) A high-ranking officer (the sultan's adviser, etc.).
    • 1812, William Marsden, A Dictionary of the Malayan language in two parts, Malayan and English and English and Malayan[1], →OCLC, page 2:
      Pada sūltan atau pada mantrī-nia
      To the sultan or to his ministers
  3. (sports) The queen piece in chess.
    Synonyms: bendahara, permaisuri, ratu

Affixations

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Compounds

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Descendants

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See also

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Chess pieces in Malay · buah catur
بواه چاتور (layout · text)
           
raja, syah
راج, شاه
bendahara, menteri, permaisuri, ratu
بنداهارا, منتري, ڤرمايسوري, راتو
benteng, tir
بينتيڠ, تير
gajah
ݢاجه
kuda
کودا
bidak, piadah, pion
بيدق, ڤياده, ڤيون

References

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  • Kosakata Bahasa Sanskerta dalam Bahasa Melayu Masa Kini, Jakarta, Indonesia: Pusat Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Bahasa. Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia, 1994, →ISBN, page 114
  • Pijnappel, Jan (1875) “منتري mĕntĕri”, in Maleisch-Hollandsch woordenboek, John Enschede en Zonen, Frederik Muller, page 135
  • Wilkinson, Richard James (1901) “منتري mantĕri, mĕntĕri or munteri”, in A Malay-English dictionary, Hong Kong: Kelly & Walsh limited, page 675
  • Wilkinson, Richard James (1932) “mĕntĕri”, in A Malay-English dictionary (romanised), volume II, Mytilene, Greece: Salavopoulos & Kinderlis, page 131

Further reading

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