EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈtɒnɪk/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɒnɪk

Etymology 1Edit

From Ancient Greek τονικός (tonikós), from τόνος (tónos). 17th century writers believed health to be derived from firmly stretched muscles, thus tonic; the extension of tonic medicine appeared in the late 18th century. Surface analysis as classical compound: tone +‎ -ic.

AdjectiveEdit

tonic (comparative more tonic, superlative most tonic)

  1. (physics, pathology) Pertaining to tension, especially of muscles.
    • 2009, Thomas Pynchon, Inherent Vice, Vintage 2010, p. 316:
      Out in front and across the street, Doc noted half a dozen or so young men, not loitering or doing substances but poised and tonic, as if waiting for some standing order to take effect.
  2. Restorative, curative or invigorating.
    The arrival of the new members had a tonic effect on the team.
  3. (medicine, neuroscience) In a state of continuous unremitting action.
    • Peter Redgrave (2007) Basal ganglia. Scholarpedia, 2(6):1825.
      GABAergic neurones in the basal ganglia output nuclei have high tonic firing rates (40-80 Hz).
TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

tonic (usually uncountable, plural tonics)

  1. A substance with medicinal properties intended to restore or invigorate.
    We used to brew a tonic from a particular kind of root.
  2. Tonic water.
  3. (US, Eastern Massachusetts) Any of various carbonated, non-alcoholic beverages; soda pop.
  4. (figuratively) Someone or something that revitalises or reinvigorates.
    • 1978, “She's So Modern”, performed by The Boomtown Rats:
      Charlie ain't no Nazi / She likes to wear her leather boots / 'Cause it's exciting for the veterans / And it's a tonic for the troops.
    • 2011, Cathy Kelly, She's the One
      'You're a tonic, Dee,' she said. 'And a real friend. Thanks.'
    • 2011 February 5, Paul Fletcher, “Newcastle 4 - 4 Arsenal”, in BBC[1]:
      The result is the perfect tonic for Newcastle, coming at the end of a week that saw the departure of Andy Carroll to Liverpool on Monday and an injury to Shola Ameobi during Wednesday's defeat at Fulham.
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

tonic (third-person singular simple present tonics, present participle tonicking, simple past and past participle tonicked)

  1. (medicine, archaic) To restore or invigorate.
    • 1887, Medical Press and Circular (volume 94, page 461)
      When all signs of effusion, dulness, pain, œgophony, and cough had disappeared he was dieted, stimulated, and tonicked.
    • 1939, Frank Grant Menke, Encyclopedia of Sports (page 17)
      The Persians, as a nation, were first to discover that fish were edible. The time is fixed at about 3000 B.C. This was their secret for some centuries—until the Assyrians learned about the elegance of fish for tonicking the brain.

Etymology 2Edit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

From tone +‎ -ic.

AdjectiveEdit

tonic (not comparable)

  1. (music) Pertaining to or based upon the first note of a diatonic scale.
  2. Pertaining to the accent or stress in a word or in speech.
  3. Of or relating to tones or sounds; specifically (phonetics, dated) being or relating to a speech sound made with tone unmixed and undimmed by obstruction, i.e. a vowel or diphthong.

NounEdit

tonic (plural tonics)

  1. (music) The first note of a diatonic scale; the keynote.
  2. (music) The triad built on the tonic note.
  3. (phonetics) A tonic element or letter; a vowel or a diphthong.
TranslationsEdit

Related termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English tonic, from tonic water.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

tonic m (plural tonics)

  1. drink made up mainly of cinchona
  2. tonic water

Further readingEdit


RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French tonique.

NounEdit

tonic n (plural tonici)

  1. tonic

DeclensionEdit