See also: Tank, tänk, and tànk

English

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A military tank.

Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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From Portuguese tanque (tank, liquid container), originally from Indian vernacular for a large artificial water reservoir, cistern, pool, etc., for example, Gujarati ટાંકી (ṭā̃kī) or Marathi टाकी (ṭākī). Compare the Arabic verb اِسْتَنْقَعَ (istanqaʕa, to become stagnant, to stagnate).

In the sense of armoured vehicle, first attested in 1915, prototypes were described as tanks for carrying water to disguise their nature as well as due to physical resemblance.

Noun

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tank (plural tanks)

  1. A closed container for liquids or gases.
    The propane is stored in these tanks.
    The tank contains unfiltered water. You really shouldn't drink from that.
    • 1938, Norman Lindsay, Age of Consent, 1st Australian edition, Sydney, N.S.W.: Ure Smith, published 1962, →OCLC, page 29:
      The other room was a kitchen, with an open fireplace, a safe, a dresser and a tin sink, with a tap from the tank outside.
  2. An open container or pool for storing water or other liquids.
    The contractors installed a new tank with gorgeous fish and corals.
    The ore slurries are directed into an open tank outside the excavation site.
  3. A pond, pool, or small lake (either natural or artificial).[1]
  4. The fuel reservoir of a vehicle.
    We have brought the van to a garage after we found a leak in the tank.
  5. The amount held by a container; a tankful.
    I burned three tanks of gas on the drive to New York.
  6. An armoured fighting vehicle, armed with a gun designed for direct fire, and moving on caterpillar tracks.
    The journalist mistook the self-propelled artillery vehicle for a tank.
    Few remember the female tanks that were produced between the World Wars.
  7. (Australia, India) A reservoir or dam.
  8. (botany) A structure of tightly overlapping leaves used by some bromeliads to retain water.
  9. (colloquial) A very muscular and physically imposing person; somebody who is built like a tank.
  10. (UK, slang, dated, by extension) A bouncer or doorman.
  11. (roleplaying games, board games, video games) a unit or character designed primarily around damage absorption and holding the attention of the enemy (as opposed to dealing damage, healing, or other tasks).
    The paladin can make for a decent tank, but I recommend that you get a class with better taunting skills.
  12. (US, slang) A prison cell, or prison generally.
    The sheriff threw us in the tank without charges!
    • 1985 April 13, Philip Brasfield, “Echoes Inside of What's Outside”, in Gay Community News, page 4:
      By the nature of imprisonment, one is perceived by free society as something subhuman. By the nature of being on a protective custody tank, a "gay tank", everyone there is seen as members of the lowest caste in the system.
    • 1987, Shane MacGowan, Jem Finer (lyrics and music), “Fairytale of New York”, in If I Should Fall from Grace with God, performed by The Pogues ft. Kirsty MacColl:
      It was Christmas Eve, babe, in the drunk tank / An old man said to me, “Won't see another one”
  13. (poker, slang) A metaphorical place where a player goes to contemplate a decision; see in the tank.
  14. (rail transport) Short for tank engine and tank locomotive.
    • 1941 September, “The Why and the Wherefore: The Longest Tank Locomotives”, in Railway Magazine, pages 431–432:
      Before their conversion to 4-6-0 tender locomotives, the L.B. & S.C.R. Baltic tank engines Nos. 330 to 334 measured 50 ft. 5 in. over buffers; the nearest present approach to this figure is the 49 ft. 10½ in. of the remaining ex-Lancashire & Yorkshire Hughes type 4-cylinder 4-6-4 tanks of the L.M.S.R. The Furness and G. & S.W.R. 4-6-4 tanks of the same company, all now scrapped, were, respectively, 49 ft. 1½ in. and 47 ft. 8 in. long.
    • 1952 February, R. A. H. Weight, “A Railway Recorder in Wessex”, in Railway Magazine, page 133:
      Representing the older types now are some Stroudley 0-6-0 tanks, while a Drummond "C14" 0-4-0 tank might still be pottering about on the Town Quays as of yore.
  15. (clothing) Short for tank top.
    • 2008, Nora Roberts, Tribute, New York, N.Y.: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, →ISBN, page 206:
      It pleased her more than she could say to know she walked on her own land, over dewed grass, wearing a tank and cotton pajama pants.
    • 2022, Robyn Henderson-Espinoza, Body Becoming: A Path to Our Liberation, Minneapolis, Minn.: Broadleaf Books, 1517 Media, →ISBN:
      I was wearing a tank and some cotton pants.
    • 2023 August 9, Brooke Kato, “Gen Z loves the ‘wife beater’ tee — but they’re canceling the name”, in New York Post[1], New York, N.Y.: News Corp, →ISSN, →OCLC, archived from the original on 2023-08-10:
      On TikTok, #wifepleaser boasts more than 11.4 million views, while #wifepleasertank has racked up 13.9 million. [] Thanks to TikTok, there has been a mass adoption of the term “wife pleaser” in an attempt to rebrand the tank.
Synonyms
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Antonyms
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Hypernyms
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Hyponyms
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Coordinate terms
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Derived terms
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Terms derived from tank (noun)
Descendants
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Translations
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Verb

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tank (third-person singular simple present tanks, present participle tanking, simple past and past participle tanked)

  1. To fail or fall (often used in describing the economy or the stock market); to degenerate or decline rapidly; to plummet.
    • 2008 October, Davy Rothbart, “How I caught up with dad”, in Men's Health, volume 23, number 8, →ISSN, page 112:
      He told me about all the odd jobs he'd taken after I was born, when Michigan's economy was tanking. For one, he crisscrossed the Midwest buying old carpets from dentists' offices.
    • 2022 October 5, “Network News: Private sector's role in a publicly-owned railway”, in RAIL, number 967, page 16:
      "[...] If the economy has tanked... then we don't want to over-promise and under-deliver."
  2. (video games) To attract the attacks of an enemy target in cooperative team-based combat, so that one's teammates can defeat the enemy in question more efficiently.
  3. (transitive) To put (fuel, etc.) into a tank.
    • 1913, Geoffrey Martin, Industrial and manufacturing chemistry:
      Sometimes oils are tanked for months or years at a time (e.g., linseed oil).
  4. To deliberately lose a sports match with the intent of gaining a perceived future competitive advantage.
    • 2006 March 6, Michael Farber, “Swede Success”, in (Please provide the book title or journal name)[2], Sports Illustrated, archived from the original on 4 November 2012:
      Beforehand, Swedish [national ice hockey team] coach Bengt-Ake Gustafsson had ruminated about tanking against Slovakia to avoid powerful Canada or the Czechs in the quarters [i.e., quarterfinals of the 2006 Winter Olympic tournament], telling Swedish television, "One is cholera, the other the plague."
  5. (fandom slang) To resist damage; to be attacked without being hurt.
    • 2015 March 1, DudeFuckMath, “Bane [DC] vs Iron Fist [Marvel]”, in Reddit (r/whowouldwin)[3], retrieved 2017-06-19:
      Unless Bane can tank Helicarrier-busting explosions I'm not sure how he stands a chance.
    • 2016 June 2, MercinWithAMouth, “Superman Stongest Feat Ever”, in Comic Vine Forums[4], retrieved 2017-06-19:
      A weakened Superman tanked an explosion 50 times larger than the Kepler's Supernova and the electromagnetic shock wave hit him.
    • 2016 July 22, Si-Phon Dom, “Big Barda Vs She Hulk”, in Comics Amino[5], retrieved 2017-06-19:
      Barda could BFR and I doubt She hulk is tanking a blow from her rod, so she takes.
  6. (originally poker, slang) To contemplate a decision for a long time; to go in the tank.
  7. To put or keep in a tank.
    Concrete below ground must be fully tanked to prevent water uptake.
Derived terms
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Translations
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References

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Etymology 2

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Noun

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tank (plural tanks)

  1. A small Indian dry measure, averaging 240 grains in weight.[1]
  2. A Bombay weight of 72 grains, for pearls.[2]

References

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  1. ^ tank”, in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: G. & C. Merriam, 1913, →OCLC.
  2. ^ 1858, Peter Lund Simmonds, The Dictionary of Trade Products

Etymology 3

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Verb

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tank (third-person singular simple present tanks, present participle tanking, simple past and past participle tanked)

  1. (Singapore, informal) To stand; to tolerate.
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Further reading

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Anagrams

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Alemannic German

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Interjection

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tank

  1. (Gressoney) thank you

Synonyms

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References

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Azerbaijani

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Etymology

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Internationalism. From English tank, from Portuguese tanque, from Gujarati ટાંકી (ṭā̃kī), from Marathi टाकी (ṭākī), ultimately from Sanskrit तडग (taḍaga, pond).

Noun

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tank (definite accusative tankı, plural tanklar)

  1. tank

Declension

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    Declension of tank
singular plural
nominative tank
tanklar
definite accusative tankı
tankları
dative tanka
tanklara
locative tankda
tanklarda
ablative tankdan
tanklardan
definite genitive tankın
tankların
    Possessive forms of tank
nominative
singular plural
mənim (my) tankım tanklarım
sənin (your) tankın tankların
onun (his/her/its) tankı tankları
bizim (our) tankımız tanklarımız
sizin (your) tankınız tanklarınız
onların (their) tankı or tankları tankları
accusative
singular plural
mənim (my) tankımı tanklarımı
sənin (your) tankını tanklarını
onun (his/her/its) tankını tanklarını
bizim (our) tankımızı tanklarımızı
sizin (your) tankınızı tanklarınızı
onların (their) tankını or tanklarını tanklarını
dative
singular plural
mənim (my) tankıma tanklarıma
sənin (your) tankına tanklarına
onun (his/her/its) tankına tanklarına
bizim (our) tankımıza tanklarımıza
sizin (your) tankınıza tanklarınıza
onların (their) tankına or tanklarına tanklarına
locative
singular plural
mənim (my) tankımda tanklarımda
sənin (your) tankında tanklarında
onun (his/her/its) tankında tanklarında
bizim (our) tankımızda tanklarımızda
sizin (your) tankınızda tanklarınızda
onların (their) tankında or tanklarında tanklarında
ablative
singular plural
mənim (my) tankımdan tanklarımdan
sənin (your) tankından tanklarından
onun (his/her/its) tankından tanklarından
bizim (our) tankımızdan tanklarımızdan
sizin (your) tankınızdan tanklarınızdan
onların (their) tankından or tanklarından tanklarından
genitive
singular plural
mənim (my) tankımın tanklarımın
sənin (your) tankının tanklarının
onun (his/her/its) tankının tanklarının
bizim (our) tankımızın tanklarımızın
sizin (your) tankınızın tanklarınızın
onların (their) tankının or tanklarının tanklarının

Further reading

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  • tank” in Obastan.com.

Czech

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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tank m inan

  1. tank, armor

Declension

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Derived terms

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Further reading

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  • tank in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • tank in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish

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Etymology 1

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Borrowed from English tank.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /tanˀk/, [ˈtˢɑŋˀɡ̊]

Noun

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tank c (singular definite tanken, plural indefinite tanke)

  1. tank (for storage)
    Synonym: beholder
  2. (informal) filling station, gas station (US), petrol station (UK), service station
    Synonym: tankstation
Declension
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References

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Etymology 2

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Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

Borrowed from English tank (but later than the previous word).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /taːnk/, [ˈtˢæːŋɡ̊]

Noun

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tank c (singular definite tanken, plural indefinite tanks)

  1. tank (military fighting vehicle)
    Synonym: kampvogn
Declension
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References

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Etymology 3

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See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /tanˀk/, [ˈtˢɑŋˀɡ̊]

Verb

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tank

  1. imperative of tanke

Dutch

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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Borrowed from English tank.

Noun

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tank m (plural tanks, diminutive tankje n)

  1. tank (storage reservoir)
  2. tank (armoured fighting vehicle with tracks and direct-fire gun)
    Synonym: vechtwagen
  3. (slang) A muscular, physically imposing man.
Derived terms
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Descendants
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See also
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Etymology 2

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See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

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tank

  1. inflection of tanken:
    1. first-person singular present indicative
    2. imperative

Anagrams

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French

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Etymology

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English tank.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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tank m (plural tanks)

  1. tank (military vehicle)
    Synonyms: char, char d’assaut, char de combat
  2. (North America) tank (container)
    Synonym: réservoir

Further reading

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German

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Pronunciation

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Verb

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tank

  1. singular imperative of tanken
  2. (colloquial) first-person singular present of tanken

Hungarian

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Etymology

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Borrowed from English tank.[1]

Pronunciation

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Noun

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tank (plural tankok)

  1. tank (a closed container for liquids or gases)
  2. tank, fuel tank (the fuel reservoir of a vehicle)
    Synonym: üzemanyagtartály
  3. (military) tank, armoured fighting vehicle (military fighting vehicle)
    Synonyms: harckocsi, páncélkocsi, páncélos
  4. (photography) developing tank (a closed container used for developing film in a daylight environment)
    Synonym: előhívó tank

Declension

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Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative tank tankok
accusative tankot tankokat
dative tanknak tankoknak
instrumental tankkal tankokkal
causal-final tankért tankokért
translative tankká tankokká
terminative tankig tankokig
essive-formal tankként tankokként
essive-modal
inessive tankban tankokban
superessive tankon tankokon
adessive tanknál tankoknál
illative tankba tankokba
sublative tankra tankokra
allative tankhoz tankokhoz
elative tankból tankokból
delative tankról tankokról
ablative tanktól tankoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
tanké tankoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
tankéi tankokéi
Possessive forms of tank
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. tankom tankjaim
2nd person sing. tankod tankjaid
3rd person sing. tankja tankjai
1st person plural tankunk tankjaink
2nd person plural tankotok tankjaitok
3rd person plural tankjuk tankjaik

Derived terms

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Compound words

References

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  1. ^ Tótfalusi, István. Idegenszó-tár: Idegen szavak értelmező és etimológiai szótára (’A Storehouse of Foreign Words: an explanatory and etymological dictionary of foreign words’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2005. →ISBN

Further reading

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  • tank in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Indonesian

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Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology

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Unadapted borrowing from Dutch tank, from English tank, from Portuguese tanque (tank, liquid container), originally from Indian vernacular for a large artificial water reservoir, cistern, pool, etc., for example, Gujarati ટાંકી (ṭā̃kī) or Marathi टाकी (ṭākī), from Sanskrit तडग (taḍaga, pond). Doublet of tangki.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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tank (first-person possessive tankku, second-person possessive tankmu, third-person possessive tanknya)

  1. tank, an armoured fighting vehicle, armed with a gun in a turret, and moving on caterpillar tracks.

Alternative forms

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Synonyms

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Further reading

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Italian

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Etymology

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Unadapted borrowing from English tank.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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tank m (invariable)

  1. tank (military and container)

References

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  1. ^ tank in Luciano Canepari, Dizionario di Pronuncia Italiana (DiPI)

Norwegian Bokmål

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Etymology

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Borrowed from English tank.

Noun

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tank m (definite singular tanken, indefinite plural tanker, definite plural tankene)

  1. a tank (container, as below)
  2. (military, nonstandard since 2005) a tank (armoured fighting vehicle) (form removed with the spelling reform of 2005; superseded by tanks)
    Synonym: stridsvogn

Derived terms

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References

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Anagrams

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Norwegian Nynorsk

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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Borrowed from English tank.

Noun

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tank m (definite singular tanken, indefinite plural tankar, definite plural tankane)

  1. a tank (closed container for liquids or gases)
  2. (military, nonstandard since 2005) a tank (armoured fighting vehicle) ((pre-2005) alternative form of tanks)
    Synonym: stridsvogn
Derived terms
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Etymology 2

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Verb

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tank

  1. imperative of tanka

References

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Anagrams

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Swedish

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tank

Noun

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tank c

  1. tank (container for liquids)

Declension

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Declension of tank 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative tank tanken tankar tankarna
Genitive tanks tankens tankars tankarnas
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See also

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Anagrams

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Turkish

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Etymology

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From English tank.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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tank (definite accusative tankı, plural tanklar)

  1. tank

Declension

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Inflection
Nominative tank
Definite accusative tankı
Singular Plural
Nominative tank tanklar
Definite accusative tankı tankları
Dative tanka tanklara
Locative tankta tanklarda
Ablative tanktan tanklardan
Genitive tankın tankların
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular tankım tanklarım
2nd singular tankın tankların
3rd singular tankı tankları
1st plural tankımız tanklarımız
2nd plural tankınız tanklarınız
3rd plural tankları tankları
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular tankımı tanklarımı
2nd singular tankını tanklarını
3rd singular tankını tanklarını
1st plural tankımızı tanklarımızı
2nd plural tankınızı tanklarınızı
3rd plural tanklarını tanklarını
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular tankıma tanklarıma
2nd singular tankına tanklarına
3rd singular tankına tanklarına
1st plural tankımıza tanklarımıza
2nd plural tankınıza tanklarınıza
3rd plural tanklarına tanklarına
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular tankımda tanklarımda
2nd singular tankında tanklarında
3rd singular tankında tanklarında
1st plural tankımızda tanklarımızda
2nd plural tankınızda tanklarınızda
3rd plural tanklarında tanklarında
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular tankımdan tanklarımdan
2nd singular tankından tanklarından
3rd singular tankından tanklarından
1st plural tankımızdan tanklarımızdan
2nd plural tankınızdan tanklarınızdan
3rd plural tanklarından tanklarından
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular tankımın tanklarımın
2nd singular tankının tanklarının
3rd singular tankının tanklarının
1st plural tankımızın tanklarımızın
2nd plural tankınızın tanklarınızın
3rd plural tanklarının tanklarının