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See also: upę, upė, and upē

Contents

GuaraníEdit

PronounEdit

upe

  1. that

LatgalianEdit

NounEdit

upe f

  1. river

LatvianEdit

 upe on Latvian Wikipedia
 
Upe

EtymologyEdit

In principle, from Proto-Baltic *apē-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ep-, *h₂op-, *h₂op ((flowing) water, river). Cognates include Lithuanian ùpė, dialectal ũpė, upìs, ùpis, Old Prussian ape (river), apus ((water) well), Sudovian upa (river), Hittite ẖap(a) (river), Sanskrit आपः (āpaḥ, water (plural)), Tocharian A, Tocharian B āp (water). The u in Latvian upe (and Lithuanian upė), instead of the expected a, as in the Old Prussian cognate, is difficult to explain. Some suggest that upe was influenced by other words (e.g., Old Prussian wupyan (cloud)), others that it is not cognate with Old Prussian ape, but rather a reflex of Proto-Indo-European *eup-, *ūp-, *up- (to call, to cry, to yell), or then a specific Eastern Baltic word without a Proto-Indo-European etymology.[1]

NounEdit

upe f (5th declension)

  1. (geography) river (permanent watercourse)
    strauja, lēna upefast, slow river
    kalnu, līdzenumu upemountain, lowland river
    upes gultneriverbed
    upes ielejariver valley
    upes baseinsriver basin
    upju sistēmariver system
    upes pietekasriver tributaries
    upes ieteka, grīvariver estuary, mouth
    upes iztekariver source, headwaters
    upes augštece, lejteceupriver, downriver
    upju transportsfluvial transportation
    upju kuģniecībariver lines

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “upe”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7

LithuanianEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

upè f

  1. instrumental singular form of upė.

NounEdit

ùpe f

  1. vocative singular form of upė.

SpanishEdit

VerbEdit

upe

  1. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of upar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of upar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of upar.
  4. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of upar.