English edit

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /peɪ/
    • (file)
    • Rhymes: -eɪ

Etymology 1 edit

From Hebrew פֵּא (), from Proto-Semitic *pay- (mouth). Doublet of pi.

Noun edit

pe

  1. The seventeenth letter of many Semitic alphabets/abjads (Phoenician, Aramaic, Hebrew פ, Syriac ܦ, and others; Arabic has the analog faa).
Translations edit

See also edit

Further reading edit

Etymology 2 edit

Noun edit

pe (plural pes)

  1. The name of the Cyrillic script letter П / п.

Anagrams edit

Abinomn edit

Noun edit

pe

  1. pig

Ainu edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Noun edit

pe (Kana spelling )

  1. (only in compounds) thing, article
    arawanseven
    arawanpeseven things
    wenbad
    wenpebad thing
Alternative forms edit
  • (apocopic) p

Etymology 2 edit

Noun edit

pe (Kana spelling )

  1. water, especially in reference to a water body
  2. liquid
  3. juice
Alternative forms edit
Derived terms edit
  • pet (river)

See also edit

  • wakka (drinkable water)

Albanian edit

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Noun edit

pe m (plural penj, definite peri, definite plural penjtë)

  1. thread
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From prej.(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Preposition edit

pe

  1. Dialectal form of prej

References edit

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir E. (2000) A concise historical grammar of the Albanian language: reconstruction of Proto-Albanian[1], Leiden, Boston, Köln: Brill, →ISBN, page 313
  2. ^ Schumacher, Stefan, Matzinger, Joachim (2013) Die Verben des Altalbanischen: Belegwörterbuch, Vorgeschichte und Etymologie (Albanische Forschungen; 33) (in German), Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, →ISBN, page 218

Annobonese edit

Etymology edit

From Sãotomense pe (father), from Portuguese pai (father).

Noun edit

pe

  1. father

References edit

  • John H. McWhorter (2005) Defining Creole (in Annobonese)

Basque edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

pe inan

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter P.

Declension edit

See also edit

Breton edit

Conjunction edit

pe

  1. or

Adjective edit

pe (interrogative adjective)

  1. which, what

Catalan edit

Pronunciation edit

  • Rhymes: -e

Noun edit

pe f (plural pes)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter P.
  2. the Hebrew letter פ (final form ף)

Chrau edit

Numeral edit

pe

  1. three

Dorig edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

pe

  1. water

References edit

Fala edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Galician-Portuguese pee, from Latin pedem.

Noun edit

pe m (plural pes)

  1. foot

Etymology 2 edit

From Old Galician-Portuguese pez, from Latin picem.

Noun edit

pe f (uncountable)

  1. pitch, tar

Etymology 3 edit

Probably borrowed from Spanish pez.

Alternative forms edit

Noun edit

pe m (plural pecis)

  1. (Valverdeñu) fish

References edit

  • Valeš, Miroslav (2021) Diccionariu de A Fala: lagarteiru, mañegu, valverdeñu (web)[2], 2nd edition, Minde, Portugal: CIDLeS, published 2022, →ISBN

Faroese edit

Noun edit

pe n (genitive singular pes, plural pe)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter P.

Declension edit

Declension of pe
n4 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative pe peið pe peini
accusative pe peið pe peini
dative pe, pei penum peum peunum
genitive pes pesins pea peanna

See also edit

Finnish edit

Etymology 1 edit

Abbreviation of perjantai.

Pronunciation edit

As perjantai.

Noun edit

pe

  1. Abbreviation of perjantai (Friday).

Etymology 2 edit

From Biblical Hebrew פֵּא ().

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈpe(ː)/, [ˈpe̞(ː)]
  • Rhymes: -e
  • Syllabification(key): pe

Noun edit

pe

  1. pe (seventeenth letter of the Hebrew and Phoenician scripts and the Northwest Semitic abjad)
Declension edit
Inflection of pe (Kotus type 21/rosé, no gradation)
nominative pe pet
genitive pen peiden
peitten
partitive petä peitä
illative pehen peihin
singular plural
nominative pe pet
accusative nom. pe pet
gen. pen
genitive pen peiden
peitten
partitive petä peitä
inessive pessä peissä
elative pestä peistä
illative pehen peihin
adessive pellä peillä
ablative peltä peiltä
allative pelle peille
essive penä peinä
translative peksi peiksi
abessive pettä peittä
instructive pein
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of pe (Kotus type 21/rosé, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative peni peni
accusative nom. peni peni
gen. peni
genitive peni peideni
peitteni
partitive petäni peitäni
inessive pessäni peissäni
elative pestäni peistäni
illative peheni peihini
adessive pelläni peilläni
ablative peltäni peiltäni
allative pelleni peilleni
essive penäni peinäni
translative pekseni peikseni
abessive pettäni peittäni
instructive
comitative peineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative pesi pesi
accusative nom. pesi pesi
gen. pesi
genitive pesi peidesi
peittesi
partitive petäsi peitäsi
inessive pessäsi peissäsi
elative pestäsi peistäsi
illative pehesi peihisi
adessive pelläsi peilläsi
ablative peltäsi peiltäsi
allative pellesi peillesi
essive penäsi peinäsi
translative peksesi peiksesi
abessive pettäsi peittäsi
instructive
comitative peinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative pemme pemme
accusative nom. pemme pemme
gen. pemme
genitive pemme peidemme
peittemme
partitive petämme peitämme
inessive pessämme peissämme
elative pestämme peistämme
illative pehemme peihimme
adessive pellämme peillämme
ablative peltämme peiltämme
allative pellemme peillemme
essive penämme peinämme
translative peksemme peiksemme
abessive pettämme peittämme
instructive
comitative peinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative penne penne
accusative nom. penne penne
gen. penne
genitive penne peidenne
peittenne
partitive petänne peitänne
inessive pessänne peissänne
elative pestänne peistänne
illative pehenne peihinne
adessive pellänne peillänne
ablative peltänne peiltänne
allative pellenne peillenne
essive penänne peinänne
translative peksenne peiksenne
abessive pettänne peittänne
instructive
comitative peinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative pensä pensä
accusative nom. pensä pensä
gen. pensä
genitive pensä peidensä
peittensä
partitive petään
petänsä
peitään
peitänsä
inessive pessään
pessänsä
peissään
peissänsä
elative pestään
pestänsä
peistään
peistänsä
illative pehensä peihinsä
adessive pellään
pellänsä
peillään
peillänsä
ablative peltään
peltänsä
peiltään
peiltänsä
allative pelleen
pellensä
peilleen
peillensä
essive penään
penänsä
peinään
peinänsä
translative pekseen
peksensä
peikseen
peiksensä
abessive pettään
pettänsä
peittään
peittänsä
instructive
comitative peineen
peinensä

Guaraní edit

Determiner edit

pe

  1. that (near addressee)

Guinea-Bissau Creole edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Portuguese .

Noun edit

pe

  1. foot

Etymology 2 edit

From Portuguese perna.

Noun edit

pe

  1. leg

Etymology 3 edit

From Portuguese pau.

Noun edit

pe

  1. tree

Ido edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

pe (plural pe-i)

  1. The name of the Latin script letter P/p.

See also edit

Japanese edit

Romanization edit

pe

  1. Rōmaji transcription of (hiragana)
  2. Rōmaji transcription of (katakana)

Javanese edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *paʀih, from Proto-Austronesian *paʀiS.

Noun edit

(Javanese script ꦥꦺ)

  1. ray (marine fish with a flat body, large wing-like fins, and a whip-like tail)

References edit

  • Blust, Robert, Trussel, Stephen (2010–) “*paRiS”, in The Austronesian Comparative Dictionary

Latin edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

 f (indeclinable)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter P.

Coordinate terms edit

References edit

  • pe”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pe in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Arthur E. Gordon, The Letter Names of the Latin Alphabet (University of California Press, 1973; volume 9 of University of California Publications: Classical Studies), part III: “Summary of the Ancient Evidence”, page 32: "Clearly there is no question or doubt about the names of the vowels A, E, I, O, U. They are simply long A, long E, etc. (ā, ē, ī, ō, ū). Nor is there any uncertainty with respect to the six mutes B, C, D, G, P, T. Their names are bē, cē, dē, gē, pē, tē (each with a long E). Or about H, K, and Q: they are hā, kā, kū—each, again, with a long vowel sound."

Ligurian edit

Etymology edit

From Latin per, from Proto-Indo-European *peri, derived from the root *per- (to go over).

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

pe

  1. for
  2. to
  3. through
  4. in or on
  5. by
  6. with
  7. as
pe + article Combined form
pe + o pe-o
pe + a pe-a
pe + i pe-i
pe + e pe-e

Lote edit

Conjunction edit

pe

  1. and

References edit

Mandarin edit

Romanization edit

pe

  1. Nonstandard spelling of .
  2. Nonstandard spelling of pê̄.

Usage notes edit

  • Transcriptions of Mandarin into the Latin script often do not distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without indication of tone.

Mauritian Creole edit

Etymology edit

Contraction of ape, from French après. Compare Haitian Creole ap.

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

pe (medial form pe)

  1. (auxiliary) Used to indicate present progressive tense or the continuous tense in general.

Related terms edit

Mbiywom edit

Noun edit

pe

  1. liver

References edit

  • Claire Bowern, Harold James Koch, Australian Languages: Classification and the Comparative Method (2004), page 411

Mbyá Guaraní edit

Postposition edit

pe

  1. to, for (indicates a dative object)
  2. indicates a causative object
    Ajapo uka mbojape xevy pe ha'i pe.
    I had my mother make me bread.

Mezquital Otomi edit

Noun edit

pe

  1. biznaga, barrel cactus.

Middle English edit

Noun edit

pe

  1. Alternative form of po

Neapolitan edit

Etymology edit

From Latin per.

Pronunciation edit

  This entry needs an audio pronunciation. If you are a native speaker with a microphone, please record this word. The recorded pronunciation will appear here when it's ready.

Preposition edit

pe

  1. for

Nheengatu edit

Etymology edit

From Old Tupi pe.

Pronunciation edit

  This entry needs an audio pronunciation. If you are a native speaker with a microphone, please record this word. The recorded pronunciation will appear here when it's ready.
  • Hyphenation: pe
  • Rhymes: -e

Pronoun edit

pe

  1. (second-class) second-person plural personal pronoun (you, your)
    Pe akanhemu peikú nhaãsé pe kirá peikú.
    You are scared because you are fat.
    Aintá uputari upitá pe irũmu.
    They want to stay with you.
    Pe manha uwiké uka pisasú upé.
    Your mother enters the new house.

Usage notes edit

  • As a second-class pronoun, pe is used as the subject of a sentence when its verb is a second-class one (those verbs are sometimes referred to as adjectives). The personal pronoun pe is also used when governed by any postposition with the exception of arama and supé. Finally, pe is used as a possessive pronoun as well.

See also edit

Nheengatu personal pronouns
singular first-class pronoun second-class pronoun
first-person ixé se
second-person indé ne
third-person i
plural first-class pronoun second-class pronoun
first-person yandé yané
second-person penhẽ pe
third-person aintá (or ) aintá (or )

References edit

Occitan edit

Noun edit

pe f (plural pes)

  1. pee (the letter p, P)

Old Occitan edit

Etymology edit

From Latin pedem, accusative of pes. Gallo-Romance cognate with Old French pié.

Noun edit

pe m (oblique plural pes, nominative singular pes, nominative plural pe)

  1. foot (anatomy)

Descendants edit

  • Occitan:

Old Tupi edit

Pronunciation edit

Postposition edit

pe

  1. Used to indicate location, inclusion, or position within spatial limits.
    1. in, on, to.

References edit

  • NAVARRO, E. A. Dicionário de tupi antigo: a língua indígena clássica do Brasil. São Paulo. Global. 2013.

Pacoh edit

Pacoh cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : pe
    Ordinal : ape

Etymology edit

From Proto-Katuic *pɛɛ, from Proto-Mon-Khmer *piʔ.

Pronunciation edit

Numeral edit

pe

  1. three

Pali edit

Particle edit

pe

  1. Abbreviation of peyyāla.

Romanian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Latin per, with meaning influenced by super.

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

pe (+accusative)

  1. on
    cartea este pe masă
    The book is on the table.
  2. on (some time during the day of)
    A plecat spre Europa acum o săptămână, mai exact, pe zece mai.
    He left for Europe a week ago, that is, on the tenth of May.
  3. (no lexical meaning) used to indicate direct object in some cases
    O aștept pe mama.
    I'm waiting on/for mom.
  4. through an opening
    a îi ieși (cuiva) pe gură
    (of words) to come out (one’s) mouth
    a sări pe geam/fereastrăto jump out the window
  5. (with spatial prepositions or adverbs) approximately, thereabouts
    L-am văzut prima oară pe undeva pe aici.
    I first saw it somewhere around here.
    Hotelul e pe lângă gară.
    The hotel is somewhere near the station.

Usage notes edit

Pe takes the accusative case of nouns and is used as the marker for the direct object when said object is:

  • a proper noun; the name of a person or animal
  • a common noun referring to a specific person, generally known to both the speaker and listener
  • a common noun acting as a metaphor for a person
  • a common noun in a construction in which the subject and the direct object are the same noun and they precede the predicate

Pe is not used when the direct object is:

  • a common noun designating inanimate objects or animals
  • a common noun referring to an unspecified person

Related terms edit

References edit

Romansch edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Latin pēs, pedem (foot), from Proto-Indo-European *pṓds.

Noun edit

pe m (plural pes or peis)

  1. (Rumantsch Grischun, Sutsilvan, Surmiran, anatomy) foot

Usage notes edit

In Rumantsch Grischun and Sutsilvan, the plural is pes. In Surmiran, however, it is peis.

Spanish edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈpe/ [ˈpe]
  • Audio:(file)
  • Rhymes: -e
  • Syllabification: pe

Noun edit

pe f (plural pes)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter P.

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

Sranan Tongo edit

Adverb edit

pe

  1. (interrogative) where
  2. (relative) where

Derived terms edit

Tagalog edit

Etymology edit

From Spanish pe, the Spanish name of the letter P/p.

Pronunciation edit

  • Hyphenation: pe
  • IPA(key): /ˈpe/, [ˈpɛ]
  • Rhymes: -e

Noun edit

pe (Baybayin spelling ᜉᜒ)

  1. (historical) The name of the Latin-script letter P/p, in the Abecedario.
    Synonyms: (in the Filipino alphabet) pi, (in the Abakada alphabet) pa

Tocharian A edit

Etymology edit

Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *pṓds. Compare the nominative/accusative dual form, peṃ, presumably from Proto-Tocharian *peine du (whence also Tocharian B paine), from an earlier *pei, from the Proto-Indo-European *pódh₁e du, from *pṓds. It is from this dual form in Proto-Tocharian that the singular forms have probably been analogically built. Compare Tocharian B paiyye.[1]

Noun edit

pe m

  1. foot

Related terms edit

References edit

Tol edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

pe

  1. stone, rock

References edit

  • Dennis, Ronald K., Dennis, Margaret Royce de (1983) Diccionario Tol (Jicaque)-Español y Español-Tol (Jicaque)[3] (in Spanish), Tegucigalpa: Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, page 28

Turkish edit

Noun edit

pe (definite accusative peyi, plural peler)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter P.

See also edit

Turkmen edit

Noun edit

pe (definite accusative [please provide], plural [please provide])

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter P.

Welsh edit

Pronunciation edit

Conjunction edit

pe

  1. if (used with counterfactual conditionals, i.e., those that are impossible or considered very unlikely)
    Pe bawn i'n gyfoethog, teithiwn i o gwmpas y byd.
    If I were rich, I would travel around the world.

Usage notes edit

In the literary language, bod (to be) has special counterfactual forms that undergo univerbation with pe: petaswn (if I had been), petawn (if I were) etc. (see the conjugation table for all the forms).

In the colloquial language, the counterfactual forms taswn/bawn/tawn are written separately from pe, and pe can be omitted before them:

  • (pe) taswn i’n ennill y loteriif I were to win the lottery

See also edit

  • os (used with factual conditionals)

West Makian edit

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

pe

  1. with, using
    natala pe peda da langalongi ne(you) cut this rope with a machete
    yakor te pe sosodikstir the tea with a spoon
  2. (directional) to
    iwako pe de maihe threw a stone at me (literally, “he threw to me (a) stone”)

References edit

  • Clemens Voorhoeve (1982) The Makian languages and their neighbours[4], Pacific linguistics

Yoruba edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology 1 edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

  1. (transitive, intransitive) to call, to pronounce, to summon, to invoke (an orisha)
    Synonym:
  2. (transitive) to tag someone or something
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

  1. (transitive, intransitive) to assemble, to congregate
Derived terms edit

Etymology 3 edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

  1. to be correct, to be complete in degree or quantity
  2. to be enough
  3. (idiomatic) to be sane, to be intelligent, to be sharp (of the mind); (literally - "to have a complete or correct mind")
Derived terms edit

Etymology 4 edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

  1. to say something
    Synonym:
Usage notes edit
  • An overlaid function for the conjunction (Etymology 5) whenever a verb of utterance is missing, it is always followed by .

Etymology 5 edit

Pronunciation edit

Conjunction edit

  1. that
Usage notes edit
  • In modern linguistics, the term has also been categorized as a complementizer
Related terms edit

Etymology 6 edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

  1. to become rewarding or profitable for someone
    ọjà náà mi dáadáaThe market goods were very profitable for me

Zou edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

pe

  1. (intransitive) to kick

References edit

  • Lukram Himmat Singh (2013) A Descriptive Grammar of Zou, Canchipur: Manipur University, page 40