EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Hebrew פֵּא(), from Proto-Semitic *pay- (mouth). Doublet of pi.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /peɪ/
    • (file)
    • Rhymes: -eɪ

NounEdit

pe

  1. The seventeenth letter of many Semitic alphabets/abjads (Phoenician, Aramaic, Hebrew פ, Syriac ܦ, and others; Arabic has the analog faa).

TranslationsEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


AbinomnEdit

NounEdit

pe

  1. pig

AinuEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

NounEdit

pe (Kana spelling )

  1. (only in compounds) thing, article
    arawanseven
    arawanpeseven things
    wenbad
    wenpebad thing
Alternative formsEdit
  • (apocopic) p

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

pe (Kana spelling )

  1. water, especially in reference to a water body
  2. liquid
  3. juice
Alternative formsEdit
Derived termsEdit
  • pet (river)

See alsoEdit

  • wakka (drinkable water)

AlbanianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

pe m (indefinite plural penj, definite singular peri, definite plural penjtë)

  1. thread

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir E. (2000) A concise historical grammar of the Albanian language: reconstruction of Proto-Albanian[1], Leiden, Boston, Köln: Brill, →ISBN, page 313
  2. ^ Schumacher, Stefan; Matzinger, Joachim (2013) Die Verben des Altalbanischen: Belegwörterbuch, Vorgeschichte und Etymologie (Albanische Forschungen; 33) (in German), Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, →ISBN, page 218

AnnoboneseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Sãotomense pe (father), from Portuguese pai (father).

NounEdit

pe

  1. father

ReferencesEdit

  • 2005, John H. McWhorter, Defining Creole

BasqueEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

pe inan

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter P.

DeclensionEdit

Declension of pe (inanimate, ending in vowel)
indefinite singular plural
absolutive pe pea peak
ergative pek peak peek
dative peri peari peei
genitive peren pearen peen
comitative perekin pearekin peekin
causative perengatik pearengatik peengatik
benefactive perentzat pearentzat peentzat
instrumental pez peaz peez
inessive petan pean peetan
locative petako peko peetako
allative petara pera peetara
terminative petaraino peraino peetaraino
directive petarantz perantz peetarantz
destinative petarako perako peetarako
ablative petatik petik peetatik
partitive perik
prolative petzat

See alsoEdit


BretonEdit

ConjunctionEdit

pe

  1. or

AdjectiveEdit

pe (interrogative adjective)

  1. which, what

CatalanEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • Rhymes: -e

NounEdit

pe f (plural pes)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter P.
  2. The Hebrew letter פ‎ (final form ף‎).

DorigEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

pe

  1. water

ReferencesEdit


FaroeseEdit

NounEdit

pe n (genitive singular pes, plural pe)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter P.

DeclensionEdit

Declension of pe
n4 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative pe peið pe peini
accusative pe peið pe peini
dative pe, pei penum peum peunum
genitive pes pesins pea peanna

See alsoEdit


FinnishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Abbreviation of perjantai.

PronunciationEdit

As perjantai.

NounEdit

pe

  1. Abbreviation of perjantai (Friday).

Etymology 2Edit

From Hebrew פֵּא().

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈpe(ː)/, [ˈpe̞(ː)]
  • Rhymes: -e
  • Syllabification: pe

NounEdit

pe

  1. pe (seventeenth letter of the Hebrew and Phoenician scripts and the Northwest Semitic abjad)
DeclensionEdit
Inflection of pe (Kotus type 21/rosé, no gradation)
nominative pe pet
genitive pen peiden
peitten
partitive petä peitä
illative pehen peihin
singular plural
nominative pe pet
accusative nom. pe pet
gen. pen
genitive pen peiden
peitten
partitive petä peitä
inessive pessä peissä
elative pestä peistä
illative pehen peihin
adessive pellä peillä
ablative peltä peiltä
allative pelle peille
essive penä peinä
translative peksi peiksi
instructive pein
abessive pettä peittä
comitative peineen
Possessive forms of pe (type rosé)
possessor singular plural
1st person peni pemme
2nd person pesi penne
3rd person pensä

GuaraníEdit

DeterminerEdit

pe

  1. that (near addressee)

Guinea-Bissau CreoleEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Portuguese .

NounEdit

pe

  1. foot

Etymology 2Edit

From Portuguese perna.

  1. leg

Etymology 3Edit

From Portuguese pau.

  1. tree

IdoEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

pe (plural pe-i)

  1. The name of the Latin script letter P/p.

See alsoEdit


JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

pe

  1. Rōmaji transcription of (hiragana)
  2. Rōmaji transcription of (katakana)

JavaneseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *paʀih, from Proto-Austronesian *paʀiS.

NounEdit

(Javanese script ꦥꦺ)

  1. ray (marine fish with a flat body, large wing-like fins, and a whip-like tail)

ReferencesEdit


LatinEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

 f (indeclinable)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter P.

Coordinate termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • pe”, in Charlton T[homas] Lewis; Charles [Lancaster] Short (1879) [] A New Latin Dictionary [], New York, N.Y.; Cincinnati, Ohio; Chicago, Ill.: American Book Company; Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • pe in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Arthur E. Gordon, The Letter Names of the Latin Alphabet (University of California Press, 1973; volume 9 of University of California Publications: Classical Studies), part III: “Summary of the Ancient Evidence”, page 32: "Clearly there is no question or doubt about the names of the vowels A, E, I, O, U. They are simply long A, long E, etc. (ā, ē, ī, ō, ū). Nor is there any uncertainty with respect to the six mutes B, C, D, G, P, T. Their names are bē, cē, dē, gē, pē, tē (each with a long E). Or about H, K, and Q: they are hā, kā, kū—each, again, with a long vowel sound."

LigurianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin per, from Proto-Indo-European *peri, derived from the root *per- (to go over).

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

pe

  1. for
  2. to
  3. through
  4. in or on
  5. by
  6. with
  7. as
pe + article Combined form
pe + o pe-o
pe + a pe-a
pe + i pe-i
pe + e pe-e

LoteEdit

ConjunctionEdit

pe

  1. and

ReferencesEdit


Mauritian CreoleEdit

EtymologyEdit

Contraction of ape, from French après. Compare Haitian Creole ap.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

pe (medial form pe)

  1. (auxiliary) Used to indicate present progressive tense or the continuous tense in general.

Related termsEdit


MbiywomEdit

NounEdit

pe

  1. liver

ReferencesEdit

  • Claire Bowern, Harold James Koch, Australian Languages: Classification and the Comparative Method (2004), page 411

Mezquital OtomiEdit

NounEdit

pe

  1. biznaga, barrel cactus.

Middle EnglishEdit

NounEdit

pe

  1. Alternative form of po

NeapolitanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin per.

PronunciationEdit

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PrepositionEdit

pe

  1. for

NheengatuEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Tupi pe.

PronunciationEdit

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  • Hyphenation: pe
  • Rhymes: -e

PronounEdit

pe

  1. (second-class) second-person plural personal pronoun (you, your)
    Pe akanhemu peikú nhaãsé pe kirá peikú.
    You are scared because you are fat.
    Aintá uputari upitá pe irũmu.
    They want to stay with you.
    Pe manha uwiké uka pisasú upé.
    Your mother enters the new house.

Usage notesEdit

  • As a second-class pronoun, pe is used as the subject of a sentence when its verb is a second-class one (those verbs are sometimes referred to as adjectives). The personal pronoun pe is also used when governed by any postposition with the exception of arama and supé. Finally, pe is used as a possessive pronoun as well.

See alsoEdit

Nheengatu personal pronouns
singular first-class pronoun second-class pronoun
first-person ixé se
second-person indé ne
third-person i
plural first-class pronoun second-class pronoun
first-person yandé yané
second-person penhẽ pe
third-person aintá (or ) aintá (or )

ReferencesEdit


OccitanEdit

NounEdit

pe f (plural pes)

  1. pee (the letter p, P)

Old OccitanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin pedem, accusative of pes. Gallo-Romance cognate with Old French pié.

NounEdit

pe m (oblique plural pes, nominative singular pes, nominative plural pe)

  1. foot (anatomy)

DescendantsEdit

  • Occitan:

Old TupiEdit

PronunciationEdit

PostpositionEdit

pe

  1. Used to indicate location, inclusion, or position within spatial limits.
    1. in, on, to.

ReferencesEdit

  • NAVARRO, E. A. Dicionário de tupi antigo: a língua indígena clássica do Brasil. São Paulo. Global. 2013.

PaliEdit

ParticleEdit

pe

  1. Abbreviation of peyyāla.

RomanianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • (Muntenia, informal), pi (Moldova), pre (archaic)

EtymologyEdit

From Latin per, with meaning influenced by super.

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

pe (+accusative)

  1. on
    cartea este pe masă
    The book is on the table.
  2. on (some time during the day of)
    A plecat spre Europa acum o săptămână, mai exact, pe zece mai.
    He left for Europe a week ago, that is, on the tenth of May.
  3. (no lexical meaning) used to indicate direct object in some cases
    o aștept pe mama
    I'm waiting on/for mom.


Usage notesEdit

Pe takes the accusative case of nouns and is used as the marker for the direct object when said object is:

  • a proper noun; the name of a person or animal
  • a common noun referring to a specific person, generally known to both the speaker and listener
  • a common noun acting as a metaphor for a person
  • a common noun in a construction in which the subject and the direct object are the same noun and they precede the predicate

Pe is not used when the direct object is:

  • a common noun designating inanimate objects or animals
  • a common noun referring to an unspecified person

Related termsEdit


RomanschEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • (Sursilvan) pei
  • (Puter, Vallader)

EtymologyEdit

From Latin pēs, pedem (foot), from Proto-Indo-European *pṓds.

NounEdit

pe m (plural pes or peis)

  1. (Rumantsch Grischun, Sutsilvan, Surmiran, anatomy) foot

Usage notesEdit

In Rumantsch Grischun and Sutsilvan, the plural is pes. In Surmiran, however, it is peis.


SpanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

pe f (plural pes)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter P.

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


Sranan TongoEdit

AdverbEdit

pe

  1. (interrogative) where
  2. (relative) where

Derived termsEdit


Tocharian AEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *pṓds. Compare the nominative/accusative dual form, peṃ, presumably from Proto-Tocharian *peine du (whence also Tocharian B paine), from an earlier *pei, from the Proto-Indo-European *pódh₁e du, from *pṓds. It is from this dual form in Proto-Tocharian that the singular forms have probably been analogically built. Compare Tocharian B paiyye.[1]

NounEdit

pe m

  1. foot

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


TurkishEdit

NounEdit

pe (definite accusative peyi, plural peler)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter P.

See alsoEdit


TurkmenEdit

NounEdit

pe (definite accusative ?, plural ?)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter P.

WelshEdit

ConjunctionEdit

pe

  1. if (used with closed conditions, i.e., those that are counterfactual or considered very unlikely)
    Pe bawn i'n gyfoethog, teithiwn i o gwmpas y byd.
    If I were rich, I would travel around the world.

Usage notesEdit

In the literary language, bod (to be) has special counterfactual forms that undergo univerbation with pe: petaswn (if I had been), petawn (if I were) etc. (see the conjugation table for all the forms).

In the colloquial language, the counterfactual forms taswn/bawn/tawn are written separately from pe, and pe can be omitted before them:

  • (pe) taswn i’n ennill y loteriif I were to win the lottery

See alsoEdit

  • os (used with open conditions)

YorubaEdit

Alternative formsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

  1. (transitive, intransitive) to call, to pronounce, to summon, to invoke (an orisha)
    Synonym:
  2. (transitive) to tag someone or something
Derived termsEdit
  • èpè (curse)
  • ìpè (call, summon, invocation)
  • pípè (calling, summoning)
  • polówó (to advertise)

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

  1. (transitive, intransitive) to assemble, to congregate
Derived termsEdit
  • péjọ (to congregate)
  • ìpé (public gathering)

Etymology 3Edit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

  1. to be correct, to be complete in degree or quantity
  2. to be enough
  3. (idiomatic) to be sane, to be intelligent, to be sharp (of the mind); (literally - "to have a complete or correct mind")
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

  1. to say something
    Synonym:
Usage notesEdit
  • An overlaid function for the conjunction (Etymology 5) whenever a verb of utterance is missing, it is always followed by .

Etymology 5Edit

PronunciationEdit

ConjunctionEdit

  1. that
Related termsEdit
Usage notesEdit
  • In modern linguistics, the term has also been categorized as a complementizer

Etymology 6Edit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

  1. to become rewarding or profitable for someone
    ọjà náà mi dáadáaThe market goods were very profitable for me

ZouEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

pe

  1. (intransitive) to kick

ReferencesEdit

  • Lukram Himmat Singh (2013) A Descriptive Grammar of Zou, Canchipur: Manipur University, page 40