See also: -wear and Wear

English edit

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Etymology 1 edit

From Middle English weren, werien, from Old English werian (to clothe, cover over; put on, wear, use; stock (land)), from Proto-West Germanic *waʀjan, from Proto-Germanic *wazjaną (to clothe), from Proto-Indo-European *wes- (to dress, put on (clothes)).

Cognate to Sanskrit वस्ते (váste), Ancient Greek ἕννυμι (hénnumi, put on), Latin vestis (garment) (English vest), Albanian vesh (dress up, wear), Tocharian B wäs-, Old Armenian զգենում (zgenum), Welsh gwisgo, Hittite 𒉿𒀸- (waš-).

Originally a weak verb (i.e. with a past tense in -ed), it became irregular during the Middle English period by analogy with verbs like beren (whence bear) and teren (whence tear).

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

wear (third-person singular simple present wears, present participle wearing, simple past wore or (obsolete) ware, past participle worn or (now colloquial and nonstandard) wore or (obsolete) worne)

  1. (transitive) To carry or have equipped on or about one's body, as an item of clothing, equipment, decoration, etc.
    He's wearing some nice pants today.  She wore her medals with pride.  Please wear your seatbelt.  Can you wear makeup and sunscreen at the same time?  He was wearing his lunch after tripping and falling into the buffet.
    • 1906, Stanley J[ohn] Weyman, chapter I, in Chippinge Borough, New York, N.Y.: McClure, Phillips & Co., →OCLC, page 01:
      It was April 22, 1831, and a young man was walking down Whitehall in the direction of Parliament Street. He wore shepherd's plaid trousers and the swallow-tail coat of the day, with a figured muslin cravat wound about his wide-spread collar.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 5, in The China Governess: A Mystery, London: Chatto & Windus, →OCLC:
      ‘It's rather like a beautiful Inverness cloak one has inherited. Much too good to hide away, so one wears it instead of an overcoat and pretends it's an amusing new fashion.’
  2. (transitive) To have or carry on one's person habitually, consistently; or, to maintain in a particular fashion or manner.
    He wears eyeglasses.  She wears her hair in braids.
    • 1918, W[illiam] B[abington] Maxwell, chapter X, in The Mirror and the Lamp, Indianapolis, Ind.: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, →OCLC:
      It was a joy to snatch some brief respite, and find himself in the rectory drawing–room. Listening here was as pleasant as talking; just to watch was pleasant. The young priests who lived here wore cassocks and birettas; their faces were fine and mild, yet really strong, like the rector's face; and in their intercourse with him and his wife they seemed to be brothers.
  3. (transitive) To bear or display in one's aspect or appearance.
    She wore a smile all day.  He walked out of the courtroom wearing an air of satisfaction.
    • 1870, Marion Harland, Helen Gardner's Wedding-day, page 139:
      Then the bridegroom came slowly up the walk, wearing a very unbridegroomlike aspect, []
  4. (colloquial, with "it") To overcome one's reluctance and endure a (previously specified) situation.
    I know you don't like working with him, but you'll just have to wear it.
  5. To eat away at, erode, diminish, or consume gradually; to cause a gradual deterioration in; to produce (some change) through attrition, exposure, or constant use.
    You're going to wear a hole in the bottom of those shoes.  The water has slowly worn a channel into these rocks.  Long illness had worn the bloom from her cheeks.  Exile had worn the man to a shadow.
    • 1905, Lord Dunsany [i.e., Edward Plunkett, 18th Baron of Dunsany], The Gods of Pegāna, London: [Charles] Elkin Mathews, [], →OCLC:
      And They made the Moon, with his face wrinkled with many mountains and worn with a thousand valleys, to regard with pale eyes the games of the small gods, and to watch throughout the resting time of Māna-Yood-Sushāī; to watch, to regard all things, and be silent.
  6. (intransitive, copulative) To undergo gradual deterioration; become impaired; be reduced or consumed gradually due to any continued process, activity, or use.
    The tiles were wearing thin due to years of children's feet.
  7. To exhaust, fatigue, expend, or weary.
    His neverending criticism has finally worn my patience.  Toil and care soon wear the spirit.  Our physical advantage allowed us to wear the other team out and win.
    • c. 1587–1588, [Christopher Marlowe], Tamburlaine the Great. [] The First Part [], 2nd edition, part 1, London: [] [R. Robinson for] Richard Iones, [], published 1592, →OCLC; reprinted as Tamburlaine the Great (A Scolar Press Facsimile), Menston, Yorkshire, London: Scolar Press, 1973, →ISBN, Act II, scene vii:
      Our ſoules, whoſe faculties can comprehend
      The wondrous Architecture of the world:
      And meaſure euery wandring planets courſe,
      Still climing after knowledge infinite,
      And alwaies mouing as the reſtles ſpheares,
      Wils vs to weare our ſelues & neuer reſt, []
  8. (intransitive) To last or remain durable under hard use or over time; to retain usefulness, value, or desirable qualities under any continued strain or long period of time; sometimes said of a person, regarding the quality of being easy or difficult to tolerate.
    Don't worry, this fabric will wear. These pants will last you for years.  This color wears so well. I must have washed this sweater a thousand times.  I have to say, our friendship has worn pretty well.  It's hard to get to know him, but he wears well.
  9. (intransitive, colloquial) (in the phrase "wearing on (someone)") To cause annoyance, irritation, fatigue, or weariness near the point of an exhaustion of patience.
    Her high pitched voice is really wearing on me lately.
  10. (intransitive, of time) To pass slowly, gradually or tediously.
    wear on, wear away.  As the years wore on, we seemed to have less and less in common.
  11. (nautical) To bring (a sailing vessel) onto the other tack by bringing the wind around the stern (as opposed to tacking when the wind is brought around the bow); to come round on another tack by turning away from the wind. Also written "ware". Past: weared, or wore/worn.
    Synonym: gybe
Derived terms edit
Related terms edit
Translations edit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
See also edit

Noun edit

English Wikipedia has an article on:

wear (uncountable)

  1. (in combination) Clothing.
  2. Damage to the appearance and/or strength of an item caused by use over time.
  3. Fashion.
  4. Wearing.
    • 1903, Lionel G. Amsden, Principles and Practices of Refraction: An Elementary Treatise on the Science of Refraction as Applied to “Sight Testing”, page 209:
      It is obvious, of course, that a cylinder so applied is not for constant wear, and it is not intended in any way to correct any error of refraction, but is used merely as an exercise for a few minutes at a time at repeated intervals. In case of Oblique Astigmatism the wearing of the correction will frequently fail to give satisfaction when complicated by oblique muscular trouble, []
    • 2008 November, Sarah D. Thomas, “Measures to Prevent Profiles in Combat Support Commands”, in Army Logistician, volume 40, number 6, page 22:
      Prolonged wear of the interceptor body armor outer tactical vest (OTV) is frequently blamed for common complaints of neck and shoulder pain. [] Even if patients improved after a period of light duty and shoulder rehabilitation, many complained of pain after returning to OTV wear when their shoulders again became the focal point of weight distribution.
    • 2021, Lauren D’Silva, Crystals: The Guide to Principles, Practices and More (Godsfield Companions), Godsfield, →ISBN:
      Softer crystals are best reserved for occasional wear, whereas harder crystals can be worn every day.
Quotations edit
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Etymology 2 edit

From Middle English weren, werien, from Old English werian (to guard, keep, defend; ward off, hinder, prevent, forbid; restrain; occupy, inhabit; dam up; discharge obligations on (land)), from Proto-West Germanic *warjan, from Proto-Germanic *warjaną (to defend, protect, ward off), from Proto-Indo-European *wer- (to close, cover, protect, save, defend).

Cognate with Scots wer, weir (to defend, protect), Dutch weren (to aver, ward off), German wehren (to fight), Swedish värja (to defend, ward off), Icelandic verja (to defend).

Alternative forms edit

Verb edit

wear (third-person singular simple present wears, present participle wearing, simple past weared or wore, past participle weared or worn or (obsolete) worne)

  1. (now chiefly UK dialectal, transitive) To guard; watch; keep watch, especially from entry or invasion.
  2. (now chiefly UK dialectal, transitive) To defend; protect.
  3. (now chiefly UK dialectal, transitive) To ward off; prevent from approaching or entering; drive off; repel.
    to wear the wolf from the sheep
  4. (now chiefly UK dialectal, transitive) To conduct or guide with care or caution, as into a fold or place of safety.

Etymology 3 edit

Noun edit

wear (plural wears)

  1. Dated form of weir.

Anagrams edit