See also: vacuüm

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin vacuum (an empty space, void), noun use of neuter of vacuus (empty), related to vacare (be empty).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈvæ.kjuːm/, /ˈvæ.kjuː.əm/
  • (file)

NounEdit

 
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vacuum (plural vacuums or (rare) vacua)

  1. A region of space that contains no matter.
    Synonyms: vacancy, void
    Antonym: plenum
  2. (plural only "vacuums") A vacuum cleaner.
    Synonym: (British) hoover
  3. The condition of rarefaction, or reduction of pressure below that of the atmosphere, in a vessel, such as the condenser of a steam engine, which is nearly exhausted of air or steam, etc.
    a vacuum of 26 inches of mercury, or 13 pounds per square inch
  4. (physics) A spacetime having tensors of zero magnitude.
  5. An emptiness in life created by a loss of a person who was close, or of an occupation.
    • 1837, Letitia Elizabeth Landon, Ethel Churchill, volume 3, pages 82-83:
      Henrietta soon found a terrible vacuum left, by the letters in which she used to pour forth every feeling and thought to her uncle.

Usage notesEdit

  • The Latin in vacuo is sometimes used instead of in a vacuum (in free space).

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

VerbEdit

vacuum (third-person singular simple present vacuums, present participle vacuuming, simple past and past participle vacuumed)

  1. (transitive) To clean (something) with a vacuum cleaner.
    Synonym: (British) hoover
    • 2016, Janice M. Whiteaker, Run:
      “Who in the world cleans an attic? That's like vacuuming a shed.”
  2. (intransitive) To use a vacuum cleaner.
    Synonyms: (British) to do the hoovering, (British) to hoover
  3. (transitive, databases) To optimise a database or database table by physically removing deleted tuples.

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

vacuum m (plural vacuums)

  1. vacuum (space containing no matter)

SynonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Turkish: vakum

Further readingEdit


LatinEdit

AdjectiveEdit

vacuum

  1. accusative neuter singular of vacuus

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin vacuum

NounEdit

vacuum n (plural vacuumuri)

  1. vacuum

DeclensionEdit


SpanishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

vacuum m (plural vacuums)

  1. vacuum