世界

CantoneseEdit

simpl. and trad.

NounEdit

世界 (traditional and simplified, Jyutping sai3 gaai3, Yale sai3 gaai3)

  1. world

JapaneseEdit

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Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
かい
Grade: 3
on'yomi

NounEdit

世界 (hiragana せかい, romaji sekai)

  1. the world, the Earth
    世界 (せかい)各国 (かっこく)から
    sekai no kakkoku kara
    from all the countries of the world
  2. A metaphorical world, how one lives one's life.
     (かれ)はこの世界 (せかい) ()んでいないようです。
    Kare wa kono sekai ni sunde inai yō desu.
    It's like he's not living in this world.
  3. A realm, a circle, a sphere.
    文学 (ぶんがく)世界 (せかい)
    bungaku no sekai
    literary circles, the literary world
  4. (tarot): The world card: the twenty-first trump or major arcana card in most traditional tarot decks.

IdiomsEdit

Derived termsEdit

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakkan, ISBN 4095102535.

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this word

NounEdit

世界 (segye, McCune-Reischauer: segye, Yale: sekyey) (hangeul 세계)

  1. Hanja form? of 세계, “world”.

SynonymsEdit


MandarinEdit

simpl. and trad.

EtymologyEdit

From  ("era, generation, time (temporal)") +  ("boundary, zone, area (spatial)"). Coined around the Tang Dynasty to render the Buddhist Sanskrit term लोकधातु (lokadhātu, region or part of the world). Using this word to render the European concept of "world" was due to influence by Japanese during the Meiji era.

PronunciationEdit

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin shìjiè  →  shìjie (toneless final syllable variant)
Zhuyin ㄕˋ ㄐㄧㄝˋ  →  ㄕˋ ㄐㄧㄝ˙ (toneless final syllable variant)
IPA (key) /ʂʐ̩⁵¹⁻⁵³ t͡ɕi̯ɛ⁵¹/  →  /ʂʐ̩⁵¹ d͡ʑ̥i̯ɛ¹/
Audio
(file)

NounEdit

世界 (traditional and simplified, Pinyin shìjiè)

  1. world

Derived termsEdit


Min NanEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

世界 (traditional and simplified, POJ sè-kài)

  1. world

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this word

NounEdit

世界

  1. Hán form of thế giới, "world"
Last modified on 12 April 2014, at 07:57