Last modified on 25 August 2014, at 04:28

See also: and

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (walk) + phonetic  (repeat)

walk back and forth.

Han characterEdit

(radical 60 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 竹人人日水 (HOOAE), four-corner 28247, composition)

  1. return
  2. repeat
  3. repeatedly
  4. 24th hexagram of the I Ching

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 369, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10183
  • Dae Jaweon: page 695, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 834, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5FA9

ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (復), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 並 (3)
Final: 尤
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 扶富切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/bɨuH/ /bʱi̯ə̯uH/ /biuH/ /biuH/ /buwH/ /bĭəuH/ /biəuH/
Character (復), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 並 (3)
Final: 屋
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 房六切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/bɨuk̚/ /bʱi̯uk̚/ /biuk̚/ /biuk̚/ /buwk̚/ /bĭuk̚/ /biuk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ bjuwH › /*[N]-pruk-s/ again
‹ bjuwk › /*m-p(r)uk/ return

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3537 1 /*buɡs/
3550 1 /*buɡ/

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(bok, bu) (hangeul , , revised bok, bu, McCune-Reischauer pok, pu, Yale pok, pu)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(phục, phức)

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