Last modified on 8 February 2015, at 05:22

See also: and

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 32 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 土竹山戈 (GHUI), four-corner 46113, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 235, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5319
  • Dae Jaweon: page 472, character 28
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 464, character 17
  • Unihan data for U+584A

ChineseEdit

-
trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (塊), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 溪 (29)
Final: 灰
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 苦對切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰuʌiH/ /kʰuɑ̆iH/ /kʰuᴀiH/ /kʰuoiH/ /kʰwəjH/ /kʰuɒiH/ /kʰuɒiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
kuài ‹ khwɛjH › /*[kʰ]ˤ<r>uj-s/ clod, lump
kuài ‹ khwojH › /*[kʰ]ˤuj-s/ clod; lump

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4666 2 /*kʰuːls/ 說文凷或體
4676 2 /*kʰruːds/ 或作墤,廣韻只作墤

DefinitionsEdit

  1. piece; chunk; lump; part
  2. (colloquial, followed by 錢‎) yuan (), the Chinese currency or other currency
    /   ―  kuàiqián  ―  a yuan, a dollar
  3. classifier for piece of something (food, cloth, stone); piece of; chunk of

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana かたまり, romaji katamari)

  1. lump, mass, clump, clod, glob

Alternative formsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(goe) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer koe)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(khối, cỏi, khỏi, hòn, khói)

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