Last modified on 19 October 2014, at 07:58

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic 

Han characterEdit

(radical 64 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 手金尸竹 (QCSH), four-corner 58027, composition)

  1. dress up
  2. dress up as

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 418, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11829
  • Dae Jaweon: page 765, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1840, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+626E

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (扮), Pronunciation 1/5

Initial: 幫 (1)
Final: 文
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 府文切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pɨun/ /pi̯uən/ /piuən/ /piun/ /pun/ /pĭuən/ /piuən/
Character (扮), Pronunciation 2/5

Initial: 曉 (32)
Final: 佳
Division: II

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 花夥切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/hɣuɛX/ /xwaiX/ /xuɛX/ /hʷɯæX/ /hwaɨjX/ /xwaiX/ /xuæiX/
Character (扮), Pronunciation 3/5

Initial: 幫 (1)
Final: 文
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 方吻切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pɨunX/ /pi̯uənX/ /piuənX/ /piunX/ /punX/ /pĭuənX/ /piuənX/
Character (扮), Pronunciation 4/5

Initial: 並 (3)
Final: 文
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 房吻切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/bɨunX/ /bʱi̯uənX/ /biuənX/ /biunX/ /bunX/ /bĭuənX/ /biuənX/
Character (扮), Pronunciation 5/5

Initial: 幫 (1)
Final: 山
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 脯幻切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pɣɛnH/ /pănH/ /pɛnH/ /pɯænH/ /pəɨnH/ /pænH/ /pænH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3128 1 /*prɯːns/
3141 2 /*hmroːlʔ/
3150 1 /*pɯn/
3153 1 /*pɯnʔ/

VerbEdit

  1. to dress up, to disguise oneself
  2. to act, to play
  3. to put on an expression, to make faces

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • (Mandarin) "" (in Mandarin/English), MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT ). URL accessed on 2014-03-02.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. dress-up, disguise

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese, with the addition of Old Japanese (su) for verb conjugation. (su) eventually evolved into modern Japanese する (suru).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

扮 + する (hiragana ふんする, romaji fun suru)

  1. to dress up in a disguise, to disguise oneself
    老人 (ろうじん) (ふん)して警察 (けいさつ) ()げた。
    rōjin ni funshite keisatsu o nigeta.
    He dressed up as / disguised himself as an old man and escaped from the police.
  2. to put on a costume, to play a role
    去年 (きょねん)ハムレットに (ふん)しました。
    kyonen hamuretto ni funshimashita.
    Last year I played / took the role of Hamlet.

ConjugationEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(bun, ban) (hangeul , , revised bun, ban, McCune-Reischauer pun, pan, Yale pun, pan)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

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