Last modified on 4 December 2014, at 19:09

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 74 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 月月 (BB), four-corner 77220, composition月)

  1. friend, pal, acquaintance

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 504, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14340
  • Dae Jaweon: page 883, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2050, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+670B

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (朋), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 並 (3)
Final: 登
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 步崩切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/bəŋ/ /bʱəŋ/ /bəŋ/ /bəŋ/ /bəŋ/ /bəŋ/ /bəŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
péng ‹ bong › /*[b]ˤəәŋ/ set of cowries; friend

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9663 0 /*bɯːŋ/

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana とも, romaji tomo)

  1. Alternative form of

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(bung) (hangeul , revised bung, McCune-Reischauer pung, Yale pung)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(bằng, bẵng)

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