See also: , , and

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
自-bw.png
Stroke order
自-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Originally Pictogram (象形) of a nose; in China (and East Asia) one points at one’s nose to indicate oneself, hence Ideogram (指事) of “self”.

Original meaning of “nose” has been lost; compare (originally “acorn”, now “white”).

自 自 自 自
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 132 +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹月山 (HBU), four-corner 26000)

  1. self, private, personal
  2. from
  3. (obsolete) nose
    This character has lost its original meaning of nose; see instead .

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1000, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30095
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1452, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3046, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+81EA

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(Jyutping zi6, Yale ji6)


HakkaEdit

HanziEdit

(POJ tshṳ̀, Guangdong tse5 [Meixian], ts'it7, ts'ii6 [Hailu], ts'it7, ts'ii5 [Siyan], ts'ii5 [Kwangtung], ts'u3 [Bao'an, Dongguan], ts'u5, ts'i2 [Hong Kong], Hagfa Pinyim ci2, ci4, cid5)

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

  • 各自 (かくじ, kakuji)
  • 自我 (じが, jiga)
  • 自戒 (じかい, jikai)
  • 自覚 (じかく, jikaku)
  • 自画自賛 (じがじさん, jigajisan)
  • 自己 (じこ, jiko)
  • 自己撞着 (じこどうちゃく, jikodōchaku)
  • 自在 (じざい, jizai)
  • 自作 (じさく, jisaku)
  • 自作自演 (じさくじえん, jisakujien)
  • 自主 (じしゅ, jishu)
  • 自信 (じしん, jishin)
  • 自身 (じしん, jishin)
  • 自責 (じせき, jiseki)
  • 自然 (しぜん, shizen)
  • 自尊 (じそん, jison)
  • 自尊心 (じそんしん, jisonshin)
  • 自体 (じたい, jitai)
  • 自治 (じち, jichi)
  • 自動 (じどう, jidō)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ja) (hangeul , revised ja, McCune-Reischauer cha, Yale ca)

CompoundsEdit


MandarinEdit

HanziEdit

(Pinyin (zi4), Wade-Giles tzu4)

CompoundsEdit


Middle ChineseEdit

Han characterEdit

(*dzhì)


Min NanEdit

HanziEdit

(TLPA tsū (tsu7))

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tự, từ, tợ)

Last modified on 13 April 2014, at 17:51