Last modified on 30 September 2014, at 09:18

See also: , , and

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
自-bw.png
Stroke order
自-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Originally Pictogram (象形) of a nose; in China (and East Asia) one points at one’s nose to indicate oneself, hence Ideogram (指事) of “self”.

Original meaning of “nose” has been lost; compare (originally “acorn”, now “white”).

自 自 自 自
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 132 +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹月山 (HBU), four-corner 26000)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1000, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30095
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1452, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3046, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+81EA

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (自), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 從 (15)
Final: 脂
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 疾二切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ziɪH/ /d͡zʱiH/ /d͡ziH/ /d͡ziH/ /d͡ziH/ /d͡ziH/ /d͡zjɪH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ dzijH › /*s.[b]i[t]-s/ self (adv.)
‹ dzijH › /*s.[b]i[t]-s/ to follow; from

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17879 1 /*ɦljids/

NounEdit

  1. self, oneself; one's own

AdverbEdit

  1. certainly, of course
  2. personally

PrepositionEdit

  1. since; from

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ja) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer cha, Yale ca)

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CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tự, từ, tợ)

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