Last modified on 18 July 2014, at 07:49

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 140 +11, 17 strokes, cangjie input 廿月人火 (TBOF), four-corner 44901, composition)

  1. used as a surname
  2. species of tortoise

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1055, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31818
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1517, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3282, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+8521

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (蔡), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 清 (14)
Final: 泰
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 倉大切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰɑiH/ /t͡sʰɑiH/ /t͡sʰɑiH/ /t͡sʰɑiH/ /t͡sʰajH/ /t͡sʰɑiH/ /t͡sʰɑiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
cài ‹ tshajH › /*s.r̥̥ ˤat-s/ (name of a state)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5836 1 /*sʰlaːds/

DescendantsEdit

  • (Hokkien dialect) Tagalog: Chua

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(chae, sal) (hangeul , , revised chae, sal, McCune-Reischauer ch'ae, sal, Yale chay, sal)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thái)

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