Last modified on 18 November 2014, at 14:26

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
辰-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形) – a man with a hoe.

Han characterEdit

(radical 161 +0, 7 strokes, cangjie input 一一一女 (MMMV), four-corner 71232)

  1. early morning
  2. fifth of twelve earthly branches (十二支): dragon () of Chinese zodiac
  3. a surname

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1252, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38682
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1733, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3606, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8FB0

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (辰), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 常 (25)
Final: 眞
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 植鄰切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiɪn/ /ʑi̯ĕn/ /ʑiĕn/ /d͡ʑin/ /d͡ʑin/ /ʑĭĕn/ /d͡ʑjen/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chén ‹ dzyin › /*[d]əәr/ 5th earthly branch

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1372 1 /*djɯn/

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. the dragon as the fifth sign in the Chinese zodiac

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Sinitic .

NounEdit

(hiragana しん, romaji shin)

  1. the dragon as the fifth sign in the Chinese zodiac

Etymology 2Edit

By extension from the verb たつ (tatsu, to get up, to take off), from the notion of a dragon flying.

NounEdit

(hiragana たつ, romaji tatsu)

  1. the dragon as the fifth sign in the Chinese zodiac
  2. by extension from the zodiac:
    1. the name of the year or day corresponding to the fifth in a cycle of twelve
    2. roughly east-southeast, specifically 30° south of due east (i.e. a bearing of 120°)
    3. the hour of the dragon, specifically 7:00 AM to 9:00 AM; sometimes treated as 8:00 AM to 10:00 AM instead
    4. alternate name for 三月 (sangatsu, the month of March)
Derived termsEdit
IdiomsEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(jin, sin)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: jin, sin, McCune-Reischauer: chin, sin, Yale: cin, sin)
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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thần, thìn, thì)

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