Last modified on 18 December 2014, at 12:18

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形) – an animal; similar origin to and .

Han characterEdit

(radical 8 +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 卜女竹人 (YVHO), four-corner 00802)

  1. the ordinal number twelve, as used in the Chinese calendar and in Chinese units of measure
  2. twelfth of twelve earthly branches (十二支): pig () of Chinese zodiac

Related charactersEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 88, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 292
  • Dae Jaweon: page 186, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 283, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+4EA5

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (亥), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 咍
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 胡改切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦʌiX/ /ɣɑ̆iX/ /ɣᴀiX/ /ɦəiX/ /ɦəjX/ /ɣɒiX/ /ɣɒiX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
hài ‹ hojX › /*[g]ˤəәʔ/ 12th earthly branch

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4828 0 /*ɡɯːʔ/ 甲金文象根荄爲荄之初文,陳獨秀說

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(hae) (hangeul , revised hae, McCune-Reischauer hae)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hợi)

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