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Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English cheste, chiste, from Old English ċest, ċist (chest, casket; coffin; rush basket; box), from Proto-Germanic *kistō (chest, box), from Latin cista (chest, box), from Ancient Greek κίστη (kistē, chest, box, basket, hamper), from Proto-Indo-European *kisteh₂ (woven container). Germanic cognates include Scots kist (chest, box, trunk, coffer), West Frisian kiste (box, chest), Dutch kist (box, case, chest, coffin), German Kiste (box, crate, case, chest).

Alternative formsEdit

  • chist (obsolete)


chest (plural chests)

  1. A box, now usually a large strong box with a secure convex lid.
    The clothes are kept in a chest.
    • 1879, Richard Jefferies, chapter 1, The Amateur Poacher:
      But then I had the [massive] flintlock by me for protection. ¶ [] The linen-press and a chest on the top of it formed, however, a very good gun-carriage; and, thus mounted, aim could be taken out of the window at the old mare feeding in the meadow below by the brook, [] .
  2. (obsolete) A coffin.
  3. The place in which public money is kept; a treasury.
    You can take the money from the chest.
  4. A chest of drawers.
  5. (anatomy) The portion of the front of the human body from the base of the neck to the top of the abdomen; the thorax. Also the analogous area in other animals.
    She had a sudden pain in her chest.
  6. A hit or blow made with one's chest (the front of one's body).
    He scored with a chest into the goal.
Derived termsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.


chest (third-person singular simple present chests, present participle chesting, simple past and past participle chested)

  1. To hit with one's chest (front of one's body)
    • 2011 January 23, Alistair Magowan, “Blackburn 2 - 0 West Brom”, BBC:
      Pedersen fed Kalinic in West Brom's defensive third and his chested lay-off was met on the burst by the Canadian who pelted by Tamas and smashed the ball into the top of Myhill's net.
  2. (transitive) To deposit in a chest.
  3. (transitive, obsolete) To place in a coffin.
    • Bible, Genesis 1. 26
      He dieth and is chested.

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English cheste, cheeste, cheaste, from Old English ċēast, ċēas (strife, quarrel, quarrelling, contention, murmuring, sedition, scandal; reproof). Related to Old Frisian kāse (strife, contention), Old Saxon caest (quarrel, dispute), Old High German kōsa (speech, story, account).


chest (plural chests)

  1. Debate; quarrel; strife; enmity.




From an old compound, whose constituents are que- (see ecco, Latin eccum) and Latin istum, accusative masculine singular of the pronoun iste; cf. Vulgar Latin *ecce istu. Compare Ladin chest, Romansch quest, Italian questo, Romanian acest, French cet, Catalan aquest.


chest m (f cheste, m plural chescj, f plural chestis)

  1. this

See alsoEdit


Alternative formsEdit

  • chëst


chest m (plural chisc, feminine chesta, feminine plural chestes)

  1. this
  2. Template:in plural these

Old FrenchEdit


chest m

  1. (Picardy) Alternative form of cist.
Last modified on 27 March 2014, at 04:20