Last modified on 7 July 2014, at 11:39

chest

EnglishEdit

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PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English cheste, chiste, from Old English ċest, ċist (chest, casket; coffin; rush basket; box), from Proto-Germanic *kistō (chest, box), from Latin cista (chest, box), from Ancient Greek κίστη (kístē, chest, box, basket, hamper), from Proto-Indo-European *kisteh₂ (woven container). Germanic cognates include Scots kist (chest, box, trunk, coffer), West Frisian kiste (box, chest), Dutch kist (box, case, chest, coffin), German Kiste (box, crate, case, chest).

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

chest (plural chests)

  1. A box, now usually a large strong box with a secure convex lid.
    The clothes are kept in a chest.
    • 1879, Richard Jefferies, chapter 1, The Amateur Poacher:
      But then I had the [massive] flintlock by me for protection. ¶ [] The linen-press and a chest on the top of it formed, however, a very good gun-carriage; and, thus mounted, aim could be taken out of the window at the old mare feeding in the meadow below by the brook, [] .
  2. (obsolete) A coffin.
  3. The place in which public money is kept; a treasury.
    You can take the money from the chest.
  4. A chest of drawers.
  5. (anatomy) The portion of the front of the human body from the base of the neck to the top of the abdomen; the thorax. Also the analogous area in other animals.
    She had a sudden pain in her chest.
  6. A hit or blow made with one's chest (the front of one's body).
    He scored with a chest into the goal.
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
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VerbEdit

chest (third-person singular simple present chests, present participle chesting, simple past and past participle chested)

  1. To hit with one's chest (front of one's body)
    • 2011 January 23, Alistair Magowan, “Blackburn 2 - 0 West Brom”, BBC:
      Pedersen fed Kalinic in West Brom's defensive third and his chested lay-off was met on the burst by the Canadian who pelted by Tamas and smashed the ball into the top of Myhill's net.
  2. (transitive) To deposit in a chest.
  3. (transitive, obsolete) To place in a coffin.
    • Bible, Genesis 1. 26
      He dieth and is chested.

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English cheste, cheeste, cheaste, from Old English ċēast, ċēas (strife, quarrel, quarrelling, contention, murmuring, sedition, scandal; reproof). Related to Old Frisian kāse (strife, contention), Old Saxon caest (quarrel, dispute), Old High German kōsa (speech, story, account).

NounEdit

chest (plural chests)

  1. Debate; quarrel; strife; enmity.

AnagramsEdit


FriulianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From an old compound, whose constituents are que- (see ecco, Latin eccum) and Latin istum, accusative masculine singular of the pronoun iste; cf. Vulgar Latin *ecce istu. Compare Ladin chest, Romansch quest, Italian questo, Romanian acest, French cet, Catalan aquest.

PronounEdit

chest m (f cheste, m pl chescj, f pl chestis)

  1. this

See alsoEdit


LadinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From an old compound, whose constituents are que- (see ecco, Latin eccum) and Latin istum, accusative masculine singular of the pronoun iste; cf. Vulgar Latin *ecce istu.

AdjectiveEdit

chest m (plural chisc, feminine chesta, feminine plural chestes)

  1. this
  2. (in the plural) these

Old FrenchEdit

AdjectiveEdit

chest m

  1. (Picardy) Alternative form of cist.