Σῖναι

Ancient GreekEdit

 
The land of the Sinae ("CῗΝΑΙ") at the eastern end of the landlocked Indian Ocean in a c. 1420 edition of Ptolemy's Geography.
 
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Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Of uncertain etymology, but probably from Sanskrit चीन (Cina, China), possibly via Arabic اَلصِّين(aṣ-ṣīn, China; the Chinese) and usually held to derive from Old Chinese (*Dzin, Qin).

PronunciationEdit

 

Proper nounEdit

Σῖναι (Sînaim pl (genitive Σῑνῶν); first declension

  1. (culture) A people of East Asia usually identified as the southern Chinese: the Cantonese, Vietnamese, and other Yue peoples reached via the maritime Silk Road to Panyu (Guangzhou), not known at the time to be related to the Seres reached by the overland route to Chang'an (Xi'an).
  2. (geography) Their homeland in southern China: Guangdong and northern Vietnam.
  3. (geography) Their chief city.


InflectionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

  • English: Sino-, Sinese
  • Latin: Sinae, Sina, Sino-

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Thinae in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly