The land of the Sinae ("CῗΝΑΙ") at the eastern end of the landlocked Indian Ocean in a c. 1420 edition of
Alternative forms Edit
Of uncertain etymology, but probably from
Sanskrit चीन ( Cina, “ China ” ), possibly via Arabic اَلصِّين ( aṣ-ṣīn, “ China; the Chinese ” ) and usually held to derive from Old Chinese 秦 ( *Dzin, “ Qin ” ).
Proper noun Edit
Σῖναι • ( Sînai) ( m pl genitive ); Σῑνῶν
( culture ) A people of East Asia usually identified as the southern Chinese: the Cantonese, Vietnamese, and other Yue peoples reached via the maritime Silk Road to Panyu ( Guangzhou), not known at the time to be related to the Seres reached by the overland route to Chang'an ( Xi'an).
1878, Thomas Rawson Birks translating Franz Delitzsch's citation of Neumann in his Commentary on the Book of Isaiah, p. 247:
The name Θ, ῖναι Strabo, Σ, ῖναι Ptol., Τ, ζίνιτζα Kosmas, did not obtain currency first from the founder of the dynasty Tsin; but, long before this, Tsin was the name of a feudal kingdom in Shensi, one of the western provinces of the Sinese land, and Feitsa, the first feudal King of Tsin, began to reign as early as b.c. 897.
( geography ) Their homeland in southern China: Guangdong and northern Vietnam. ( geography ) Their chief city.
Derived terms Edit ( modern China ) : Κίνα ( Kína )
Further reading Edit in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) Thinae A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly