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EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From Middle English, borrowed from Old French chief (leader), from Vulgar Latin *capum (from which also captain, chieftain), from Latin caput (head) (English cap (head covering)), from Proto-Indo-European *kauput- (English head).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

chief (plural chiefs)

  1. A leader or head of a group of people, organisation, etc. [from 13th c.]
    • 1994, Nelson Mandela, Long Walk to Freedom, Abacus 2010, p. 4:
      My father, Gadla Henry Mphakanyiswa, was a chief by both blood and custom.
    All firefighters report to the fire chief.
  2. (heraldry) The top part of a shield or escutcheon. [from 15th c.]
    • 1889, Charles Norton Elvin, A Dictionary of Heraldry:
      When the Chief is Charged with any figure, in blazon it is said to be "On a Chief".
  3. An informal address to an equal.
    Hey, chief.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Look at pages starting with chief.

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

AdjectiveEdit

chief (not comparable)

  1. Primary; principal.
    Negligence was the chief cause of the disaster.

TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

VerbEdit

chief (third-person singular simple present chiefs, present participle chiefing, simple past and past participle chiefed)

  1. (US, slang) To smoke cannabis.
    • 2012, Marquis "Cream" Cureton, When the Smoke Clears (page 268)
      He chiefed on the bud like a pro, taking long deep hits and holding it within until he had inhaled as much of the weed smoke as he could.

StatisticsEdit

Most common English words before 1923 in Project Gutenberg: gentleman · persons · wrote · #610: chief · company · sweet · duty

AnagramsEdit


Middle FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French chief.

NounEdit

chief m (plural chiefs)

  1. head

DescendantsEdit


Old FrenchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

First known attestation 881 in The Sequence of Saint Eulalia. From Vulgar Latin *capum, from Latin caput.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

chief m (oblique plural chiés, nominative singular chiés, nominative plural chief)

  1. (anatomy) head
  2. leader, chief
  3. front (foremost side of something)

DescendantsEdit