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Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

An original phrase from Proto-Indo-European *déms pótis (master of the house), from *dṓm (house), whence also Ancient Greek δόμος (dómos, house); and *pótis (master), whence also Ancient Greek πόσις (pósis, husband); with an ending influenced by -της (-tēs, masculine adjectival suffix). Cognate with Sanskrit दम्पति (dám-pati, lord of the house).

PronunciationEdit

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /des.pó.tɛːs/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /dɛsˈpo.tes/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ðesˈpo.tis/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ðesˈpo.tis/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ðesˈpo.tis/
  • NounEdit

    δεσπότης (despótēsm (genitive δεσπότου); first declension (Attic, Koine)

    1. master, lord (most commonly in the context of one who owns slaves)
    2. ruler, despot
    3. generally: owner

    InflectionEdit

    Accusative singular in the Ionic dialect is sometimes δεσπότεα (despótea).

    Derived termsEdit

    Related termsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    Further readingEdit


    GreekEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Ancient Greek δεσπότης (despótēs).

    PronunciationEdit

    • IPA(key): /ðesˈpotis/
    • Hyphenation: δε‧σπό‧της

    NounEdit

    δεσπότης (despótism (plural δεσπότες)

    1. despot, tyrant (ruler with absolute power)
      Όταν πήρε εξουσία, ονόμασε τον εαυτό του δεσπότη.Ótan píre exousía, onómase ton eaftó tou despóti.When he took power, he named himself as despot.
    2. (religion) bishop
      Την ευλογία σου, δέσποτα!Tin evlogía sou, déspota!Your blessing, please, Bishop!
    3. (religion) Lord (term of address for God)
      Ευλόγησον, δέσποτα!Evlógison, déspota!Bless us, O Lord!
    4. (historical) despot (title of a Byzantine regional ruler)
    5. master, ruler

    DeclensionEdit

    SynonymsEdit

    Related termsEdit