Contents

Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From earlier καλϝός, from Proto-Indo-European *kal-wo-, form of *kal-(beautiful).

While it has been compared with Sanskrit कल्य(kalya), this does not seem a satisfactory explanation for the term and all of its variations/descendants.

PronunciationEdit

 

AdjectiveEdit

καλός ‎(kalósm ‎(feminine καλή, neuter καλόν); first/second declension

  1. beautiful, lovely
  2. good, quality, useful
  3. good, right, moral, virtuous, noble

Usage notesEdit

This word always has a long (heavy) first syllable in the meter of Homer. This was originally a consequence of the digamma — καλϝός(kalwós) — which resulted in a syllable ending in a consonant: /kal.wos/. But, once the digamma was lost, the heavy syllable was reanalyzed as being the consequence of a long vowel in the first syllable: κᾱλός(kālós).

  • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 1.96–97
    ὣς εἰποῦσ' ὑπὸ ποσσὶν ἐδήσατο κᾱλὰ [= καλϝά] πέδῑλα,
    ἀμβρόσια χρῡ́σεια,
    So saying, she tied beautiful immortal golden sandals under her feet,

InflectionEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit


GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek καλός.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /kaˈlɔs/, [kɐˈlo̞s̠]
  • Hyphenation: κα‧λός
  • Homophone: καλώς(kalós)

AdjectiveEdit

καλός ‎(kalósm ‎(feminine καλή, neuter καλό)

  1. good
  2. nice, likeable

DeclensionEdit

AntonymsEdit

NounEdit

καλός ‎(kalósm ‎(plural καλοί)

  1. the good man
    Οι καλοί θα πάνε στον Παράδεισο.‎ ― Oi kaloí tha páne ston Parádeiso. ― The good will go to Heaven.
  2. goodie, goody
  3. sweetheart

DeclensionEdit