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Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From earlier καλϝός (kalwós), from Proto-Indo-European *kal-wo-s, form of *kal- (beautiful).

While it has been compared with Sanskrit कल्य (kalya), this does not seem a satisfactory explanation for the term and all of its variations and descendants.

PronunciationEdit

 
 

AdjectiveEdit

καλός (kalósm (feminine καλή, neuter καλόν); first/second declension

  1. beautiful, lovely
  2. good, quality, useful
  3. good, right, moral, virtuous, noble

Usage notesEdit

This word always has a long (heavy) first syllable in the meter of Homer. This was originally a consequence of the digamma — καλϝός (kalwós) — which resulted in a syllable ending in a consonant: /kal.wos/. But, once the digamma was lost, the heavy syllable was reanalyzed as being the consequence of a long vowel in the first syllable: κᾱλός (kālós).

  • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 1.96–97
    ὣς εἰποῦσ' ὑπὸ ποσσὶν ἐδήσατο κᾱλὰ [= καλϝά] πέδῑλα,
    ἀμβρόσια χρῡ́σεια,
    hṑs eipoûs' hupò possìn edḗsato kālà [= kalwá] pédīla,
    ambrósia khrū́seia,
    So saying, she tied beautiful immortal golden sandals under her feet,

InflectionEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit


GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek καλός.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /kaˈlɔs/, [kɐˈlo̞s̠]
  • Hyphenation: κα‧λός
  • Homophone: καλώς (kalós)

AdjectiveEdit

καλός (kalósm (feminine καλή, neuter καλό)

  1. good
  2. nice, likeable

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

AntonymsEdit

NounEdit

καλός (kalósm (plural καλοί)

  1. the good man
    Οι καλοί θα πάνε στον Παράδεισο.Oi kaloí tha páne ston Parádeiso.The good will go to Heaven.
  2. goodie, goody
  3. sweetheart

DeclensionEdit