Abaza edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Abkhaz-Abaza *dá.

Noun edit

да (da)

  1. vein, sinew

Bulgarian edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Slavic *da.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [da]
  • (file)

Particle edit

да (da)

  1. word used to indicate agreement or acceptance: yes
    Да, прав си.
    Da, prav si.
    Yes, you are correct.

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-Slavic *da (in the conjunction sense), related to the first etymology.

Pronunciation edit

  • (stressed) IPA(key): [ˈda]
  • (file)
    (homophonous with Etymology 1)
  • (unstressed) IPA(key): [dɐ]
  • (file)

Particle edit

да (da)

  1. used to express a command
    Да влезе!
    Da vleze!
    Let him/her/it come in!
    Да не съм те чул да се оплакваш!
    Da ne sǎm te čul da se oplakvaš!
    Don't let me hear you complain!
  2. used to express a wish
    Да почива в мир.
    Da počiva v mir.
    May he/she/it rest in peace.
    Да живее кралят.
    Da živee kraljat.
    Long live the king!
  3. used to make offers, suggestions or ask advice
    Да излезем ли по-късно?
    Da izlezem li po-kǎsno?
    Shall we go out later?
    Да вървим!
    Da vǎrvim!
    Let's go!
  4. used to ask questions
    Да си ми виждал ключовете?
    Da si mi viždal ključovete?
    Have you seen my keys?
    Да съм ти искал мнението?
    Da sǎm ti iskal mnenieto?
    Did I ask for your opinion?

Conjunction edit

да (da)

  1. particle: used to mark an infinitive, to (or in some other cases, such as with modal verbs, it is not translated)
    Искам да напусна.
    Iskam da napusna.
    I want to leave.
    Не знам как да го кажа.
    Ne znam kak da go kaža.
    I don’t know how to say it.
    Да се греши е човешко.
    Da se greši e čoveško.
    To err is human.
    Започва да вали.
    Započva da vali.
    It's starting to rain.
    Да ти кажа истината,...
    Da ti kaža istinata,...
    To tell you the truth,...
    Мога да плувам.
    Moga da pluvam.
    I can swim.
    Трябва да тръгвам.
    Trjabva da trǎgvam.
    I must go.
  2. if (only for conditions that are known to be false)
    Да си беше свършил работата както трябва, сега нямаше да сме забъркани в тази каша.
    Da si beše svǎršil rabotata kakto trjabva, sega njamaše da sme zabǎrkani v tazi kaša.
    Had you done your job properly, we wouldn't be in this mess now.

Anagrams edit

Chechen edit

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Proto-Nakh *dada.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

да̄ (daaclass vb (ergative дас, plural дай)

  1. father

References edit

Etymology 2 edit

See the verb дан.

Verb edit

да (da)

  1. to do

Dungan edit

Etymology edit

Cognate to Standard Mandarin ()

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

да (da) (III)

  1. big

Eastern Mari edit

Etymology 1 edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /dɑ/
  • Rhymes:
  • Hyphenation: да

Conjunction edit

да (da)

  1. and
  2. and (connecting verb phrases)
    йӱр чарныш, да кече ончале
    jür čarnyš, da keče ončaĺe
    it stopped raining, and the sun started shining
  3. but, however
    ыштынем, да ом мошто
    yštyńem, da om mošto
    I would do it, but I can't

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from Russian да (da).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ðɑ/
  • Rhymes:
  • Hyphenation: да

Particle edit

да (da)

  1. yes
    толат мо? да, толам
    tolat mo? da, tolam
    are you coming? yes, I'm coming
  2. so, well, indeed (emphatic particle)
    да мый тыйым палем
    da myj tyjym paĺem
    well I know you
  3. yes?, right?, isn't it?
    шоналтет да?
    šonaltet da?
    you'll think of it, won't you?

References edit

  • J. Bradley et al. (2023), “да”, in The Mari Web Project: Mari-English Dictionary, University of Vienna

Ingush edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Nakh *dada.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

да̄ (daaclass vb (ergative дас, plural дай)

  1. father

References edit

Komi-Zyrian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Russian да (da).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈda/, [ˈdä]
  • Hyphenation: да

Particle edit

да (da)

  1. yes

Antonyms edit

Conjunction edit

да (da)

  1. and
  2. but
  3. because, since
  4. even though, although

References edit

  • A. I. Podorova, editor (1948) Коми-русский словарь [Komi-Russian dictionary], Syktyvkar: Коми Государственное Издательство, page 59
  • L. M. Beznosikova; E. A. Ajbabina; R. I. Kosnyreva (2000) Коми-русский словарь [Komi-Russian dictionary], →ISBN, page 166

Macedonian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *da.

Pronunciation edit

Adverb edit

да (da)

  1. (word used to indicate agreement or acceptance) yes

Conjunction edit

да (da)

  1. if

Usage notes edit

  • This word is used in the sense of "if" mostly when the following verb is in the past tense or conditional mood or expresses an unrealistic scenario. Otherwise, "ако" tends to be used.

Interjection edit

да (da)

  1. really
    Веќе не сакам зима. ― Да?
    Veḱe ne sakam zima. ― Da?
    I no longer like winter. ― Really?

Particle edit

да (da)

  1. to (particle)
    Почнав да објаснувам.Počnav da objasnuvam.I started to explain.
    Можам да седнам.Možam da sednam.I can sit down.
  2. let, may
    Да не се вратиш никогаш.Da ne se vratiš nikogaš.May you never come back.
    Да му умрат родителите.Da mu umrat roditelite.May his parents die.

Old Church Slavonic edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Slavic *da.

Conjunction edit

да (da)

  1. in order to
  2. that
  3. to

Old East Slavic edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *da. Cognates include Old Church Slavonic да (da) and Old Polish da.

Pronunciation edit

  • (ca. 9th CE) IPA(key): /dɑ/
  • (ca. 11th CE) IPA(key): /da/
  • (ca. 13th CE) IPA(key): /da/
  • Hyphenation: да

Conjunction edit

да (da)

  1. and
  2. so that
    • 1076, Sviatoslav's izbornik[1], page 2:
      рече бо въ сьрдьци моѥмь съкрꙑхъ словеса твоꙗ да не съгрѣшѫ тебѣ·
      reče bo vŭ sĭrdĭci mojemĭ sŭkryxŭ slovesa tvoja da ne sŭgrěšǫ tebě·
      For [one] said: In my heart I hid your words so' I won't commit a sin before you

Particle edit

да (da)

  1. Used to mark a subjunctive aspect: may...

Descendants edit

  • Old Ruthenian: да (da)
    • Belarusian: ды (dy)
    • Ukrainian: да (da)
  • Russian: да (da) (see there for further descendants)

References edit

  • Sreznevsky, Izmail I. (1893), “да”, in Матеріалы для Словаря древне-русскаго языка по письменнымъ памятникамъ [Materials for the Dictionary of the Old East Slavic Language Based on Written Monuments]‎[2] (in Russian), volume 1 (А – К), Saint Petersburg: Department of Russian Language and Literature of the Imperial Academy of Sciences, column 619

Russian edit

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Old East Slavic да (da), from Proto-Slavic *da.

Pronunciation 1 edit

Adverb edit

да (da)

  1. yes
    Да, я зна́ю.Da, ja znáju.Yeah, I know.
Antonyms edit
Descendants edit
  • English: da
  • Karelian:
    • North Karelian: ta
    • South Karelian: da
  • Komi-Zyrian: да (da)

Pronunciation 2 edit

Interjection edit

да (da)

  1. yes (used to confirm that the person being addressed is listening)
  2. right, isn't it (used at the end of an affirmative sentence, turning what was said into a question, asking for confirmation)
    Synonyms: ве́рно (vérno), да ведь (da vedʹ), не так ли (ne tak li), пра́вда (právda), пра́вда ведь (právda vedʹ), так (tak), так ведь (tak vedʹ)
    Ты спра́вишься, да?Ty správišʹsja, da?You can handle this, right?
    Он то́же там у́чится, да?On tóže tam účitsja, da?He studies there too, doesn't he?
  3. really (used to express surprise or ask for confirmation)
    Synonyms: пра́вда (právda), серьёзно (serʹjózno)
    Мы с ней расста́лись уже́ как ме́сяц наза́д.
    Да?
    — My s nej rasstálisʹ užé kak mésjac nazád.
    Da?
    We broke up like a month ago.
    Really?

Pronunciation 3 edit

Noun edit

да́ (n inan (indeclinable)

  1. a "yes"
    Я бы сказа́лэ́то большо́е «да».Ja by skazál — éto bolʹšóje «da».I'd say that's a big "yes".
  2. an affirmation in support of a cause (as used in slogans or appeals)
    Нет дискримина́ции! Да плюрали́зму!Net diskriminácii! Da pljuralízmu!No to discrimination! Yes to pluralism!

Pronunciation 4 edit

  • IPA(key): [də]
  • IPA(key): [dɐ] (before a stressed syllable)

Particle edit

да (da)

  1. let (+ conjugated verb), may (+ conjugated verb)
    да бу́дет такda búdet takso be it
    И сказа́л Бог: да бу́дет свет.I skazál Box: da búdet svet.And God said: let there be light.
    Да здра́вствует респу́блика!Da zdrávstvujet respúblika!Long live the republic!

Pronunciation 5 edit

  • IPA(key): [də]
  • IPA(key): [dɐ] (before a stressed syllable)

Conjunction edit

да (da)

  1. (dated) and
    Он сам о себе́ говори́л, что ему́, как импера́тору Ка́рлу Вели́кому, недосу́г учи́ться чита́ть да писа́ть.
    On sam o sebé govoríl, što jemú, kak imperátoru Kárlu Velíkomu, nedosúg učítʹsja čitátʹ da pisátʹ.
    He said of himself that he was like the Emperor Charlemagne, too busy to learn to read and write.
    ходи́ть вокру́г да о́колоxodítʹ vokrúg da ókoloto beat around the bush (literally, “to walk around and about”)
    е́сли бы да кабы́jésli by da kabýshould've, would've, could've / if only (literally, “if only and if only”)
  2. but
    Да грана́ты у него́ не той систе́мы!
    Da granáty u nevó ne toj sistémy!
    It's just - his grenades are the wrong caliber! (Quoted from White Sun of the Desert after antagonist fails to obtain grenades.)
Usage notes edit

Often used in idioms.

Descendants edit
  • Ingrian: da
  • Karelian:
    • South Karelian: da
  • Komi-Zyrian: да (da)

Pronunciation 6 edit

  • IPA(key): [də]
  • IPA(key): [dɐ] (before a stressed syllable)

Particle edit

да (da)

  1. Used as an emphasiser, usually at the start of a sentence or phrase. In many cases, emphasises impatience or irritation, but in others may simply emphasise surprise or an observation.
    Да ты стал оптими́стом.Da ty stal optimístom.Well, you've become quite the optimist.
    Да он рома́нтик.Da on romántik.I see he's quite the romantic.
    Да что с тобо́й тако́е?Da što s tobój takóje?What's up with you? (implying something has been visibly wrong for some time)
    Да как ты сме́ешь?Da kak ty sméješʹ?How dare you?
    да ла́дно (тебе́/вам)da ládno (tebé/vam)come on / give me a break / really
    ну да ла́дноnu da ládnobut okay / but alright / but whatever / anyway
    да нетda netoh, no; nah (a politely emphatic or reassuring no)
    Ты же замёрзнешь! — Да нет, про́сто нужна́ тёплая оде́жда.
    — Ty že zamjórznešʹ! — Da net, prósto nužná tjóplaja odéžda.
    — You'll freeze! — Nah, I just need warm clothes.
    да ещё (и)da ješčó (i)and also / and even
    Да говорю́ же тебе́.Da govorjú že tebé.I'm telling you (and have been this whole time).
    Да пошёл он (к чёрту).Da pošól on (k čórtu).Oh to hell with him.
    Да э́то же Ник со́бственной персо́ной.Da éto že Nik sóbstvennoj persónoj.Well, if it isn't Nick himself.
    Да кака́я ра́зница?Da kakája ráznica?Who cares? (implying the irrelevance has been obvious for some time)
    да ну (тебя́/вас)da nu (tebjá/vas)yeah, right / come on
    Да ра́ди бо́га.Da rádi bóga.Oh for God's sake.
    Да зна́ю я, в э́том и пробле́ма!Da znáju ja, v étom i probléma!I know, that's the problem!
    Э́то о чём-то да говори́т.Éto o čom-to da govorít.That says (at least) something.
    Я всё для них де́лал, да и сейча́с продолжа́ю де́лать.Ja vsjo dlja nix délal, da i sejčás prodolžáju délatʹ.I've been doing everything for them, and actually still am.
    • 2019, Екатерина Вильям-Вильмонт, Фальшивый папа:
      — Она́ тебе́ не нра́вится? — Да нет, она́ неплоха́я, но что́-то с ней стра́нное происхо́дит.
      — Oná tebé ne nrávitsja? — Da net, oná neploxája, no štó-to s nej stránnoje proisxódit.
      — You don't like her? — No, no, she's nice, but something weird's going on with her.
  2. Used as an emphasiser before an imperative verb to express urgency.
    Да переста́нь, ты меня́ смуща́ешь.Da perestánʹ, ty menjá smuščáješʹ.Oh stop it, you're embarrassing me.
    Да забу́дь ты уже́ об э́том.Da zabúdʹ ty užé ob étom.Oh forget it already.
    Да заткни́сь же ты наконе́ц.Da zatknísʹ že ty nakonéc.Will you shut it already?

Usage notes edit

Can in many cases (but not all) be understood by replacing with "Oh".

Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Abbreviation of дека- (deka-)

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈdɛkə-]
  • IPA(key): [ˈdɛkɐ-] (before a stressed syllable)

Prefix edit

да (da)

  1. da, deca- (x 10)
References edit


Serbo-Croatian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *da, probably old imperative of the word да̏ти, itself from Proto-Indo-European *deh₃- (to give).

Conjunction edit

да (Latin spelling da)

  1. that
    рекао је да ће доћиhe said that he would come
    одговорио сам му да немам појма о чему причаI've told him that I have no idea what he was talking about
  2. in order to, to
    дошао је да ми све испричаhe came to tell me everything
    стигао је у нашу земљу да научи наш језикhe arrived in our country in order to learn our language
  3. to (when the subjects of both clauses are not the same)
    он хоће да му покажете пут до станицеhe wants you to show him the way to the station
  4. (Serbia) to (when the subjects of both clauses are the same; for western Serbo-Croatian use infinitive instead of да + present tense)
    он жели да прича с вамаhe wants to talk with you
  5. (subjunctive only) if (= кад)
    да сам на вашем м(ј)есту, не бих се пуно замарао таквим детаљимаif I were you, I wouldn't bother too much with such details
    да си више радио, зарадио би више новцаif you worked harder, you would have earned more money
  6. (with ка̏о) as if, like
    с(ј)ећам се, као да је било јуче(р)I remember, as if it were yesterday
    као да не знаш о чему причамas if you don't know what I'm talking about
  7. (а + да + не) without (usually after negative verbs)
    не могу се укључити у расправу, а да не направим нередI cannot enter a discussion without making a mess
    одлази, а да није рекао ни збогомhe's leaving without even saying goodbye
  8. (а + и + да) even if
    а и да јесам то направио, не би то учинило неку разликуeven if I did it, it wouldn't have made much of a difference
  9. lest
    онај који се бори против чудовишта треба пазити да тиме и сам не постане чудовиштеhe who fights with monsters might take care lest he thereby become a monster

Particle edit

да (Latin spelling da)

  1. yes
    Је ли тако? Да!Is that so? Yes!
  2. used when starting a question
    да ли сте жедни?are you thirsty?
    реци ми да ли је то истина?tell me if that is true?
  3. in combination with other words, expressing wish, command etc.
    да се ниси усудио!don't you dare!
    да̑ Бог!may God grant it!
    да почнемо!let's begin!

Ubykh edit

Pronunciation edit

Adverb edit

да (da)

  1. now

References edit

Yakut edit

Etymology edit

Related to Yakut даҕаны (dağanı); compare Tuvan даа (daa), Turkish da.

Particle edit

да (da)

  1. even (expresses surprise)
  2. With interrogative pronouns, forms negative indefinites.
  3. ... да ... да = both ... and ...
    оҕо да улахан даoğo da ulaqan da(both) the child and the adult
    мин да, эн даmin da, en dayou and I

Derived terms edit

See also edit