Contents

RussianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from Old Church Slavonic врѣмѧ ‎(vrěmę), from Proto-Slavic *vermę < *vertmen, from Proto-Indo-European *wertmen. Displaced native Old East Slavic веремꙗ ‎(veremja). Cognate with Sanskrit वर्त्मन् ‎(vártman, track, course).

See also pleophony (CeRC > CeReC) and liquid metathesis (CeRC > CReC, CRēC).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

вре́мя ‎(vrémjan inan ‎(genitive вре́мени, nominative plural времена́, genitive plural времён)

  1. time
    вре́мя го́да‎ ― vrémja góda ― season
    во вре́мя‎ ― vo vrémja ― during
    в настоя́щее вре́мя‎ ― v nastojáščeje vrémja ― at present
    в ско́ром вре́мени‎ ― v skórom vrémeni ― soon
    в то же вре́мя‎ ― v to že vrémja ― at that same time
    за после́днее вре́мя‎ ― za poslédneje vrémja ― recently
    вре́мя от вре́мени‎ ― vrémja ot vrémeni ― from time to time
    ско́лько вре́мени?‎ ― skólʹko vrémeni? ― how long?; what time is it?
    по ме́стному вре́мени‎ ― po méstnomu vrémeni ― (by) local time
    в режи́ме реа́льного вре́мени‎ ― v režíme reálʹnovo vrémeni ― (in) real time
    У меня́ вре́мени в обре́з.‎ ― U menjá vrémeni v obréz. ― I have just enough time. / I have no time to spare.
  2. weather
  3. (grammar) tense

DeclensionEdit

HyponymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Fasmer, Maks (1964–1973), “время”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačev O. N., Moscow: Progress
  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999), “время”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 1, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 170
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