Contents

RussianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from Old Church Slavonic врѣмѧ (vrěmę) (but never spelled with ѣ () in Russian, perhaps due to the influence of Old East Slavic веремѧ (veremę)), from Proto-Slavic *vermę < *vertmen, from Proto-Indo-European *wertmen. Displaced native Old East Slavic веремѧ (veremę). Cognate with Sanskrit वर्त्मन् (vártman, track, course).

See also pleophony (CeRC > CeReC) and liquid metathesis (CeRC > CReC, CRēC).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

вре́мя (vrémjan inan (genitive вре́мени, nominative plural времена́, genitive plural времён)

  1. time
    вре́мя го́даvrémja gódaseason
    во вре́мяvo vrémjaduring
    в настоя́щее вре́мяv nastojáščeje vrémjaat present
    в ско́ром вре́мениv skórom vrémenisoon
    в то же вре́мяv to že vrémjaat that same time
    за после́днее вре́мяza poslédneje vrémjarecently
    вре́мя от вре́мениvrémja ot vrémenifrom time to time
    ско́лько вре́мени?skólʹko vrémeni?how long?; what time is it?
    по ме́стному вре́мениpo méstnomu vrémeni(by) local time
    в режи́ме реа́льного вре́мениv režíme reálʹnovo vrémeni(in) real time
    У меня́ вре́мени в обре́з.U menjá vrémeni v obréz.I have just enough time. / I have no time to spare.
  2. weather
  3. (grammar) tense

DeclensionEdit

HyponymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “время”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačev O. N., Moscow: Progress
  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999), “время”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 1, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 170