Bulgarian Edit

Etymology Edit

From Old Church Slavonic година (godina, time, hour), from Proto-Slavic *godina.

Pronunciation Edit

  • IPA(key): [ɡoˈdinɐ]
  • (file)

Noun Edit

годи́на (godínaf

  1. year
  2. age

Declension Edit

See also Edit

References Edit

  • година”, in Речник на българския език [Dictionary of the Bulgarian Language] (in Bulgarian), Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 2014
  • година”, in Речник на българския език [Dictionary of the Bulgarian Language] (in Bulgarian), Chitanka, 2010

Macedonian Edit

Etymology Edit

Borrowed from Old Church Slavonic година (godina, time, hour), from Proto-Slavic *godina, from *godъ.

Pronunciation Edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈɡɔdina]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: го‧ди‧на

Noun Edit

го́дина (gódinaf (plural го́дини, relational adjective го́дишен, diminutive го́динка)

  1. year (the time it takes the Earth to go around the Sun, solar year)
  2. cycle
  3. (in the plural) decade
    осумдесе́ттите (го́дини)osumdeséttite (gódini)the eighties / '80s
  4. period
  5. age
  6. year (of a magazine, newspaper, etc)
    Ко́ја го́дина е списани́ево?Kója gódina e spisaníevo?What year is this magazine?
  7. remembrance

Usage notes Edit

  • Most Macedonians shorten it to just "осумдесе́ттите" (the eighties). "Го́дини" is optional here but when it is used, it must be in the plural.
  • Instead of saying "о́ва списа́ние", (this magazine) you can simply shorten it to списани́ево (this magazine). Look at the declension of списа́ние (spisánie), which is used in the definite proximal.

Declension Edit

References Edit

  • година” in Дигитален речник на македонскиот јазик (Digitalen rečnik na makedonskiot jazik) [Digital dictionary of the Macedonian language] − drmj.eu

Old Church Slavonic Edit

Etymology Edit

From годъ (godŭ) +‎ -ина (-ina), or from Proto-Slavic *godina.

Noun Edit

година (godinaf

  1. time, suitable time
  2. hour

Declension Edit

Descendants Edit

  • Bulgarian: годи́на (godína)
  • Macedonian: година (godina)
  • Serbo-Croatian:

Russian Edit

Etymology Edit

From Proto-Slavic *godina. Equivalent to год (god) +‎ -ина (-ina).

Pronunciation Edit

Noun Edit

годи́на (godínaf inan (genitive годи́ны, nominative plural годи́ны, genitive plural годи́н)

  1. (poetic) time
    годи́на бе́дствийgodína bédstvija calamitous time
    тяжёлая годи́наtjažólaja godínahard times
  2. (poetic) year

Declension Edit

Derived terms Edit

Related terms Edit

Serbo-Croatian Edit

Etymology Edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *godina. Equivalent to god +‎ -ina.

Pronunciation Edit

  • IPA(key): /ɡôdina/
  • Hyphenation: го‧ди‧на

Noun Edit

го̏дина f (Latin spelling gȍdina)

  1. year

Declension Edit

Further reading Edit

Ukrainian Edit

 
Ukrainian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia uk

Etymology Edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *godina. The meaning "hour" may be a semantic loan from Polish godzina.

Pronunciation Edit

Noun Edit

годи́на (hodýnaf inan (genitive годи́ни, nominative plural годи́ни, genitive plural годи́н, relational adjective годи́нний)

  1. hour
    котра́ годи́на?kotrá hodýna?what time is it? (literally, “which hour?”)
  2. (poetic) time
    в цю скрутну́ годи́нуv cju skrutnú hodýnuin this difficult time

Declension Edit

Derived terms Edit

nouns
adjectives

References Edit