See also: décade

English

edit

Alternative forms

edit

Etymology

edit

From Middle English decade, from Old French decade, from Late Latin decādem ((set of) ten), from Ancient Greek δεκάς (dekás), from δέκα (déka, ten). In reference to a span of ten years, originally a clipping of the phrase decade of years. By surface analysis, deca- +‎ -ade. Doublet of decad.

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

decade (plural decades)

  1. A group, set, or series of ten [from 16th c.], particularly:
    a decade of soldiers
    1. A period of ten years [from 17th c.], particularly such a period beginning with a year ending in 0 and ending with a year ending in 9. [from 19th c.]
      The 1960s was a turbulent decade.
      I haven’t seen my cousin in over a decade!
      • 1992, Rudolf M[athias] Schuster, The Hepaticae and Anthocerotae of North America: East of the Hundredth Meridian, volume V, New York, N.Y.: Columbia University Press, →ISBN, page viii:
        The repeated exposure, over decades, to most taxa here treated has resulted in repeated modifications of both diagnoses and discussions, as initial ideas of the various taxa underwent—often repeated—conceptual modification.
      • 1979 December, “Museums”, in Texas Monthly, volume 7, number 12, page 22:
        Thru May: 1920s — The Decade That Roared. New exhibition portraying historical events and everyday life during the Roaring Twenties.
      • 2013 March, David S. Senchina, “Athletics and Herbal Supplements”, in American Scientist[1], volume 101, number 2, archived from the original on 16 May 2013, page 134:
        Athletes' use of herbal supplements has skyrocketed in the past two decades.
      • 2020 January 2, Paul Stephen, “A great place to work”, in Rail, page 29:
        Some of these employees have been with the company for decades, which made the company's claims that it offers good training, positive management and excellent job security and benefit packages all the more compelling.
      • 2024, “I Hate It Here”, in The Tortured Poets Department, performed by Taylor Swift:
        We would pick a decade / We wished we could live in instead of this / I'd say the 1830s but without all the racists
    2. A period of ten days, (history) particularly those in the ancient Egyptian, Coptic, and French Revolutionary calendars. [from 18th c.]
      • 2002, Colin Jones, The Great Nation, Penguin, published 2003, page 481:
        The year was divided up into twelve months renamed after the seasons [...]; each month comprised three ‘decades’ of ten days – with the décadi replacing Sundays as a day of rest; and each day was reconsecrated to a natural product or farming tool or technique.
    3. (literary, archaic) A work in ten parts or books, particularly such divisions of Livy's History of Rome. [from 15th c.]
    4. (Roman Catholicism) A series of prayers counted on a rosary, typically consisting of an Our Father, followed by ten Hail Marys, and concluding with a Glory Be and sometimes the Fatima Prayer.
    5. Any of the sets of ten sequential braille characters with predictable patterns.
    6. (electronics) A set of ten electronic devices used to represent digits.
  2. (electronics) A set of resistors, capacitors, etc. connected so as to provide even increments between one and ten times a base electrical resistance.
  3. (physics, engineering) The interval between any two quantities having a ratio of 10 to 1.
    There are decades between 1.8 and 18, between 25 and 250 and between 0.03 and 0.003.

Usage notes

edit

Although a decade may refer to any group of ten years, it often particularly refers to the informal ten-year periods of the calendar whose last digits run from 0 to 9. Some style guides may prefer that decade refers exclusively to such calendar periods while decennium, decennary, etc. refers to ten-year periods in other contexts. Similarly, a quinquennium etc. may be any five-year period, whereas pentad and quintade are used for the two halves of a calendrical decade.

It should be noted that the method of computing a decade is distinguished from the proper computation of centuries and millennia, which run from 1 to 0. The 1st century began with the year 1 and ended with the year 100, but "the Nineties" are the years whose name includes the word ninety, from '90 to '99, all the years of a century with a 9 as their tens place digit.

Synonyms

edit

Coordinate terms

edit

Derived terms

edit
edit

Translations

edit

See also

edit

Further reading

edit

Anagrams

edit

Dutch

edit

Etymology

edit

Borrowed from French décade (period of ten days), cognate with German Dekade etc. In the sense “period of ten days” influenced by English decade; this meaning is seldom found outside poor translations from English.

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

decade f (plural decades or decaden, diminutive decadetje n)

  1. (history) a décade, 'week' of ten days in the French republican calendar; hence any ten consecutive days
  2. a set of ten book volumes, as part of a larger opus
  3. (uncommon) a decade, period of ten years

Synonyms

edit

Descendants

edit
  • Indonesian: dekade

Italian

edit

Etymology 1

edit

From deca- +‎ -ade.

Pronunciation

edit
  • IPA(key): /ˈdɛ.ka.de/
  • Rhymes: -ɛkade
  • Hyphenation: dè‧ca‧de

Noun

edit

decade f (plural decadi)

  1. a decade, a period of ten days
edit

Etymology 2

edit

Pronunciation

edit
  • IPA(key): /deˈka.de/
  • Rhymes: -ade
  • Hyphenation: de‧cà‧de

Verb

edit

decade

  1. third-person singular present indicative of decadere

Anagrams

edit

Latin

edit

Noun

edit

decāde

  1. ablative singular of decās

References

edit

Middle French

edit

Noun

edit

decade f (plural decades)

  1. a series of 10 books

References

edit
  • Godefroy, Frédéric, Dictionnaire de l’ancienne langue française et de tous ses dialectes du IXe au XVe siècle (1881) (decade, supplement)

Romanian

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Verb

edit

decade

  1. third-person singular present indicative of decădea