должен

MacedonianEdit

AdjectiveEdit

должен (dolžen) (not comparable)

  1. obligated

InflectionEdit


RussianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈdolʐɨn]
  • (file)

PredicativeEdit

до́лжен (dólžen)

  1. obligated
    я до́лжен плати́ть
    ja dólžen platítʹ
    I have to/should pay
    (literally, “I am obligated to pay”)
    он до́лжен мне пять ты́сяч рубле́й
    on dólžen mne pjatʹ týsjač rubléj
    he owes me five thousand rubles
    (literally, “he is obligated to me for five thousand rubles”)

DeclensionEdit

Usage notesEdit

  • Grammatically, this term is an adjective that has only short forms, but it is best translated as a verb, either ought to/must/have (has) to if followed by an infinitive, or owe(s) if followed by a direct and indirect object.
  • In modern Russian, the full infinitive form долженствова́ть (dolženstvovátʹ, literally to be required to/to be obliged to) is seldom used.

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

Derived termsEdit