See also: оня and -оња

Contents

Old Church SlavonicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *ona.

PronounEdit

она ‎(ona)

  1. she
  2. nominative singular feminine of онъ(onŭ)
  3. nominative and accusative dual masculine of онъ(onŭ)
  4. nominative and accusative plural neuter of онъ(onŭ)

See alsoEdit

  • ѭ()

RussianEdit

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

она́ ‎(oná) ‎(masculine counterpart он, neuter counterpart оно́)

  1. third-person feminine singular pronoun: she, it.
  2. third-person feminine singular objective pronoun: her, it.
    Да как же она́, так и говори́т?‎ ― Da kak že oná, tak i govorít? ― What is she like? Does she talk?
    Её нет до́ма(genitive)Jejó net dómaShe’s not home.
    Ей не спи́тся.(dative)Jej ne spítsja.She is unable to sleep.
    Я ви́жу её.(accusative)Ja vížu jejó. ― I see her.
    За не́ю пять рубле́й.(instrumental)Za néju pjatʹ rubléj. ― She owes five rubles.
    Он э́то при ней сказа́л.(prepositional)On éto pri nej skazál. ― He said it in her presence.

DeclensionEdit

Usage notesEdit

  • Whenever a preposition stands immediately before any of the oblique cases of the third-person pronoun (singular or plural) and directly governs it, then an н- is prefixed to the pronoun: от неё(ot nejó, from her), на ней(na nej, on her), у неё(u nejó, she has), к ней(k nej, to her), с не́ю(s néju, with her).
  • The explanation for the н-prothesis is that, originally, some Russian prepositions ended in the letter -н: сън (sŭn, “with”...cf. Greek σύν(σύν), Latin cum). Eventually, the final н of these prepositions migrated across to the pronoun, so that вън её became modern в неё(v nejó), and then this was extended to include all prepositions when governing any third-person pronoun.
  • Note that if the preposition does not directly govern её(jejó) (i.e., when её is a possessive pronoun), then the н- is not inserted: у её бра́та(u jejó bráta, at her brother’s), о её ма́тери(o jejó máteri, about her mother), в её ко́мнате(v jejó kómnate, in her room).
  • When there is another word separating a preposition and any oblique case of она, the н- is not added: у само́й её(u samój jejó, with her herself).

Related termsEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *ona, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eno-

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ǒna/
  • Hyphenation: о‧на

PronounEdit

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  1. she
  2. they (nominative plural of о̀но(it))

DeclensionEdit