See also: Дума

Bulgarian

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [ˈdumɐ]
  • Audio:(file)

Etymology 1

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Inherited from Proto-Slavic *duma (thought), Origin disputed. Either from Germanic, from Proto-Germanic *dōmaz (judicial decision, act, thought). Or from Proto-Indo-European *dʰewh₂- (“to smoke”), akin to Proto-Slavic *duti (“to blow, to inflate”), *dymъ (“smoke”).

Noun

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ду́ма (dúmaf

  1. word (unit of language)
  2. word, account (the thing one talks about)
  3. word, talk, conversation
  4. word, promise, pledge
  5. word, say, opinion, verdict
  6. the right to speak, floor
Declension
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Etymology 2

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Borrowed from Russian ду́ма (dúma), from the same source as Etymology 1.

Noun

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ду́ма (dúmaf

  1. duma (Russian legislative assembly)
Declension
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Further reading

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  • дума”, in Речник на българския език [Dictionary of the Bulgarian Language] (in Bulgarian), Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 2014

Macedonian

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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Inherited from Proto-Slavic *duma (thought).

Noun

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дума (dumaf (plural думи)

  1. (regional) word (unit of language)
    Synonym: збор (zbor)
  2. (regional) thought
    Synonym: мисла (misla)
Declension
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Verb

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дума (duma) third-singular presentimpf

  1. (regional, archaic) to remember

Etymology 2

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Borrowed from Russian ду́ма (dúma), ultimately from Proto-Slavic *duma (thought).

Noun

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дума (dumaf (uncountable)

  1. duma (Russian legislature)
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Russian

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Etymology

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Inherited from Proto-Slavic *duma (thought, care, council), Origin disputed. Either from Germanic, possibly Proto-Germanic *dōmaz (judicial decision, act, thought), Gothic 𐌳𐍉𐌼𐍃 (dōms, judgment, act, thought), 𐌳𐍉𐌼𐌾𐌰𐌽 (dōmjan, to judge), 𐌳𐍉𐌼 (dōm, council, thought). Also compare modern German -tum, English -dom, doom. Or from Proto-Indo-European *dʰewh₂- (to smoke), akin to Proto-Slavic *duti (to blow, to inflate), Proto-Slavic *dymъ (smoke).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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ду́ма (dúmaf inan (genitive ду́мы, nominative plural ду́мы, genitive plural дум, relational adjective ду́мский, diminutive ду́мка)

  1. thought, meditation
    Synonyms: мысль (myslʹ), разду́мье (razdúmʹje)
    Вечерний звон, вечерний звон, как много дум наводит он! - The evening bell, the evening bell, how much thoughts does it bring!
  2. duma (Russian legislature)
    Synonym: парла́мент (parláment)

Declension

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Descendants

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References

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  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) “дума”, in Oleg Trubachyov, transl., Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), Moscow: Progress

Ukrainian

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English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology

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From Proto-Slavic *duma (thought, care, council), Origin disputed. Either from Germanic, possibly Proto-Germanic *dōmaz (judicial decision, act, thought), Gothic 𐌳𐍉𐌼𐍃 (dōms, judgment, act, thought), 𐌳𐍉𐌼𐌾𐌰𐌽 (dōmjan, to judge), 𐌳𐍉𐌼 (dōm, council, thought). Also compare modern German -tum, English -dom, doom. Or from Proto-Indo-European *dʰewh₂- (“to smoke”), akin to Proto-Slavic *duti (“to blow, to inflate”), *dymъ (“smoke”).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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ду́ма (dúmaf inan (genitive ду́ми, nominative plural ду́ми, genitive plural дум)

  1. A thought, meditation, idea.
  2. A sung epic poem, of a type invented by Ukrainian Cossacks in the 16th century; a ballad, elegy.

Declension

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Derived terms

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References

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