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See also: өкө, oko, òkò, ọkọ, and öko-

Contents

BulgarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *oko, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ekʷ-.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

око (okón

  1. (anatomy) eye

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit


MacedonianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *oko, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ekʷ-.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

око (okon (plural очи)

  1. (anatomy) eye

DeclensionEdit


Old Church SlavonicEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • Glagolitic: ⱁⰽⱁ (oko)
  • ꙩко (oko) (with monocular o) (with ꙫчи (oči) (dual with binocular o) and ꙭчи (oči) (dual with dual monocular o))

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *ȍko, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *ak-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ekʷ-.

NounEdit

око (okon

  1. (anatomy) eye
  2. vision, sight

DeclensionEdit

The singular takes o-stem or s-stem endings, the dual takes mostly i-stem endings, and the plural takes s-stem endings. Halla-aho considers the dual forms a remnant of an original i-stem which later became an s-stem, but Derksen reconstructs the Proto-Slavic form as an o-stem instead.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Cejtlin, R.M.; Večerka, R.; Blagova, E., editors (1994), “око”, in Staroslavjanskij slovarʹ (po rukopisjam X—XI vekov) [Old Church Slavonic Dictionary (Based on 10–11th Century Manuscripts)], Moscow: Russkij jazyk
  • Hauptova Z., editor (1958–1997), “око”, in Slovník jazyka staroslověnského (Lexicon linguae palaeoslovenicae), Prague: Euroslavica
  • Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  • Halla-aho, Jussi (2006) Problems of Proto-Slavic Historical Nominal Morphology: On the Basis of Old Church Slavic (Slavica Helsingiensia; 26)‎[1], Helsinki: University of Helsinki

Old East SlavicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *oko, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ekʷ-.

NounEdit

око (okon

  1. eye

RussianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *oko, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ekʷ-.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

о́ко (ókon inan (genitive о́ка, nominative plural о́чи*, genitive plural оче́й*) (* о́чи is actually an old nominative dual form for neuter nouns.)

  1. (dated or poetic or literary) eye (used in proverbs and expressions)
    о́чи чёрныеóči čórnyjedark eyes
    Ви́дит о́ко, да зу́б неймёт.Vídit óko, da zúb nejmjót.The eye sees (it) but the tooth cannot take it.

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit


RusynEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *oko, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ekʷ-.

NounEdit

око (oko)

  1. (anatomy) eye

Serbo-CroatianEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ôko/
  • Hyphenation: о‧ко

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Slavic *oko, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ekʷ-.

NounEdit

о̏ко n (Latin spelling ȍko)

  1. (anatomy) eye
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PrepositionEdit

о̏ко (Latin spelling ȍko) (+ genitive case)

  1. around
  2. about
  3. approximately
    Заплијењено је око 45 кг.Approximately 45 kg was seized.

UkrainianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *oko, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ekʷ-.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈɔkɔ]
  • (file)

NounEdit

о́ко (ókon (genitive о́ка, nominative plural о́чі)

  1. eye

Usage notesEdit

Notice that the irregular plural is an old dual form.

DeclensionEdit

NounEdit

о́ко (ókon (genitive о́ка, nominative plural о́ка)

  1. (archaic) A unit of weight, approximately 1.2 kg.
  2. (archaic) A measure for alcoholic beverages, approximately 1-1.5 liters.

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit