See also: أبن, أثن, اثن, أتن, and آتن

Arabic

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Etymology 1

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From Proto-Semitic *bin-.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ibn/
  • Audio:(file)

Noun

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اِبْن (ibnm (plural أَبْنَاء (ʔabnāʔ) or بَنُون (banūn) or بَنَات (banāt), feminine اِبْنَة (ibna) or بِنْت (bint))

  1. son
    بُنَيَّ/بُنَيَّتِيbunayya/bunayyatīmy dear son/daughter (diminutive)
    اِبْنُ آدَمَibnu ʔādamahuman (literally, “son of Adam”)
  2. descendant, scion
  3. offspring, son of the fatherland
  4. member (of a group or set of people or things)
Usage notes
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  • The plural بَنَات (banāt) is used as the plural of اِبْن (ibn) if and only if the referents are things or non-human animals.
Declension
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Alternative forms
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Descendants
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  • Hijazi Arabic: ابن (ibin)
  • Maltese: iben
  • Moroccan Arabic: بن (bin)

Etymology 2

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Pronunciation

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Verb

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اِبْنِ (ibni) (form I)

  1. second-person masculine singular active imperative of بَنَى (banā)

References

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  • Wehr, Hans (1979) “بن”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN

North Levantine Arabic

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Etymology

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From Arabic اِبْن (ibn).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): (Aleppo) /ʔibn/, [ˈʔɨbən]
  • IPA(key): (Beirut) /ʔibn/, [ˈʔɪb(ɪ)n]

Noun

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ابن (ibinm (plural ولاد (wlād) or صبيان (ṣibyān, ṣubyān))

  1. son

Usage notes

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  • The plural ولاد (wlād) can mean “sons” specifically, but also “children” in general. The alternative plural is used to explicitly specify the masculine.

See also

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Persian

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Arabic اِبْن (ibn).

Pronunciation

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Readings
Classical reading? iḇn
Dari reading? ibn
Iranian reading? ebn
Tajik reading? ibn

Noun

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اِبن (ebn)

  1. ibn; a word meaning "son", used only in patronymic names and certain literary expressions borrowed from Arabic.
    ابن سیناebn-e sinâAvicenna
    ابن عربیebn-e 'arabiIbn Arabi
    ابن هیثمebn-e heysamIbn al-Haytham

Usage notes

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  • In names, it is used with the ezâfe.

South Levantine Arabic

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Etymology

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From Arabic اِبْن (ibn).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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ابن (ʔibnm (plural ولاد (wlād), feminine بنت (bint))

  1. son
    Synonym: ولد (walad)

Urdu

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Classical Persian اِبْن (ibn), from Arabic اِبْن (ibn).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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اِبْن (ibnm (Hindi spelling इब्न)

  1. son, child
  2. offspring
  3. slave

References

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  • ابن”, in اُردُو لُغَت (urdū luġat) (in Urdu), Ministry of Education: Government of Pakistan, 2017.
  • ابن”, in ریخْتَہ لُغَت (rexta luġat) - Rekhta Dictionary [Urdu dictionary with meanings in Hindi & English], Noida, India: Rekhta Foundation, 2024.

Yemeni Arabic

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Etymology

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From Arabic اِبْن (ibn).

Noun

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ابن (ibn, ubnm (plural بني (banī))

  1. son
  2. side-branch of a tree

References

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