See also:یومandيؤم

Arabic edit

Etymology edit

From the root ⁧ي و م(y-w-m). From Proto-Semitic *yawm-.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /jawm/
  • (file)

Noun edit

يَوْم (yawmm (pluralأَيَّام(ʔayyām))

  1. day, period from sunrise to sunset
    Antonym:لَيْلَة(layla)
    أَذْهَبُ إِلَى ٱلْمَدْرَسَةِ كُلَّ يَوْمٍ.
    ʔaḏhabu ʔilā l-madrasati kulla yawmin.
    I go to school every day.
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 69:7:
      سَخَّرَهَا عَلَيْهِمْ سَبْعَ لَيَالٍ وَثَمَانِيَةَ أَيَّامٍ حُسُومًا فَتَرَى الْقَوْمَ فِيهَا صَرْعَى كَأَنَّهُمْ أَعْجَازُ نَخْلٍ خَاوِيَةٍ
      saḵḵarahā ʕalayhim sabʕa layālin wa-ṯamāniyata ʔayyāmin ḥusūman fa-tarā l-qawma fīhā ṣarʕā kaʔannahum ʔaʕjāzu naḵlin ḵāwiyatin
      Which Allah imposed upon them for seven nights and eight days in succession, so you would see the people therein fallen as if they were hollow trunks of palm trees.
  2. day, period of twenty-four hours
    فِي يَوْمٍ مِنَ الْأَيَّامِ⁩ ― yawmin mina l-ʔayyāmionce (in the past), once upon a time
  3. (singular only) Judgement Day
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 76:7:
      يُوفُونَ بِالنَّذْرِ وَيَخَافُونَ يَوْمًا كَانَ شَرُّهُ مُسْتَطِيرًا
      yūfūna bi-n-naḏri wayaḵāfūna yawman kāna šarruhu mustaṭīran
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)
  4. (uncommon, Classical Arabic) (day of) battle

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Egyptian Arabic: ⁧يوم(yōm)
  • Gulf Arabic: ⁧يوم(yōm)
  • Hijazi Arabic: ⁧يوم(yōm)
  • Maltese: jum
  • Moroccan Arabic: ⁧يوم(yūm)
  • Ottoman Turkish: ⁧یوم(yevm)
  • Persian: ⁧یوم(yowm)

Conjunction edit

يَوْمَ (yawma)

  1. at the day when
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 79:46:
      كَأَنَّهُمْ يَوْمَ يَرَوْنَهَا لَمْ يَلْبَثُوا إِلَّا عَشِيَّةً أَوْ ضُحَاهَا
      kaʔannahum yawma yarawnahā lam yalbaṯū ʔillā ʕašiyyatan ʔaw ḍuḥāhā
      It will be, on the Day they see it, as though they had not remained except for an afternoon or a morning thereof.

Related terms edit

See also edit

References edit

  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “يوم”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN

Egyptian Arabic edit

Etymology edit

From Arabicيَوْم(yawm).

Noun edit

يوم (yūmm (dualيومين(yūmēn), pluralأيام(ayyām), paucalتيام(tiyām))

  1. day

Coordinate terms edit

  • ليلة(līla, night)
  • نهار(nahār, daytime)
  • ليل(līl, nighttime)

Gulf Arabic edit

Etymology edit

From Arabicيَوْم(yawm).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

يوم (yōmm (dualيومين(yōmēn), pluralايام(ayyām))

  1. day
    ما بتروحون معرض يوم البحار؟
    Are you not going to the Sailor Day fair?
    اليوم مو يومي⁩ ― il-yōm mū yōmiToday is not my day
  2. (usually in the plural) time, era, age
    ايام الغزو
    the time of the invasion
    ايام الشاه
    the Shah era

Derived terms edit

Hijazi Arabic edit

Etymology edit

From Arabicيَوْم(yawm).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

يوم (yōmm (dualيومين(yōmēn), pluralأَيَّام(ʔayyām))

  1. day

Malay edit

Etymology edit

From Arabicيَوْم(yawm).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

يوم⁩ (Rumi spelling yaum, pluralيوم-يومorيوم۲⁩, informal 1st possessiveيومکو⁩, 2nd possessiveيوممو⁩, 3rd possessiveيومڽ⁩)

  1. day (period of 24 hours)
  2. day (period from midnight to the following midnight)
  3. day (rotational period of a planet)
  4. day (part of a day period which one spends at one’s job, school, etc.)

Synonyms edit

Moroccan Arabic edit

Etymology edit

From Arabicيَوْم(yawm).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

يوم (yūmm (dualيومين(yūmayn), pluralإيام(ʔiyyām) orإيامات(ʔiyyāmāt))

  1. day
    Synonym:نهار(nhār)
    Antonym:ليل(līl)
  2. (usually in the plural) time, era, age

Derived terms edit

North Levantine Arabic edit

Etymology edit

From Arabicيَوْم(yawm).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

يوم (yōmm or f (pluralايام(ʾiyyām))

  1. day

Usage notes edit

  • Despite appearing masculine, the word is often feminine when definite. For example, it can be used with a feminine determiner like ⁧هديك اليوم(hadīk l-yōm, that day) instead of a masculine one like ⁧هيداك اليوم(haydāk l-yom, that day), and it can appear as ⁧يومتـ(yawmit-, yōmit-) in the construct state.

Pashto edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

يوم (yûmm

  1. spade

Declension edit

South Levantine Arabic edit

Etymology edit

From Arabicيَوْم(yawm).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

يوم (yōmm (pluralأيّام(ʔayyām))

  1. day
    Antonym:ليلة(lēle)

Derived terms edit

See also edit