See also: Spade, späde, and спаде

EnglishEdit

 
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PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English spade, from Old English spada, spade, spadu (spade), from Proto-Germanic *spadǭ, *spadô, *spadō (spade). Cognate with Dutch spade, Old Frisian spada, Old Saxon spado, German Spaten, Hunsrik Spaad. Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *sph₂-dʰ-, whence also Ancient Greek σπάθη (spáthē, blade), Hittite [script needed] (išpatar, spear), Persian سپار(sopār, plow), Northern Luri ئەسپار(aspār, diging) and Central Kurdish ئەسپەر(esper), ئەسپەرە(espere, cross-piece on shaft of spade to take pressure of foot).[1]

NounEdit

spade (plural spades)

  1. A garden tool with a handle and a flat blade for digging. Not to be confused with a shovel which is used for moving earth or other materials.
    • 1898, J. Meade Falkner, Moonfleet Chapter 4
      'Make your mind easy,' Ratsey said; 'I have dug too often in this graveyard for any to wonder if they see me with a spade.'
  2. A playing card marked with the symbol .
    I've got only one spade in my hand.
  3. (offensive, ethnic slur) A black person.
    • 1929, Wallace Thurman, The Blacker the Berry, New York: Collier Books, published 1970, →ISBN, page 161:
      And as for a divorce, I know plenty spades right here in Harlem get married any time they want to.
    • 1968, Joan Didion, “Slouching Towards Bethlehem”, in Slouching Towards Bethlehem:
      Example: Max was in a hospital in New York and “the night nurse was a groovy spade, and in the afternoon for therapy there was a chick from Israel who was interesting, but there was nothing much to do in the morning, so I left.”
    • 1968, Tom Wolfe, The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, Bantam, published 1997, →ISBN, page 9:
      It had even gotten to the point that Negroes were no longer in the hip scene, not even as totem figures. It was unbelievable. Spades, the very soul figures of Hip, of jazz, of the hip vocabulary itself, man and like dig and baby and scarf and split and later and so fine, of civil rights and graduating from Reed College and living on North Beach, down Mason, and balling spade cats—all that good elaborate petting and patting and pouring soul all over the spades—all over, finished, incredibly.
  4. A cutting instrument used in flensing a whale.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Scottish Gaelic: spaid
  • Fiji Hindi: sipi

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

VerbEdit

spade (third-person singular simple present spades, present participle spading, simple past and past participle spaded)

  1. To turn over soil with a spade to loosen the ground for planting.

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Dehkhoda dictionary: سپار.

Etymology 2Edit

Compare spay, noun, and spado.

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

spade (plural spades)

  1. A hart or stag three years old.
  2. A castrated man or animal.

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for spade in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)

AnagramsEdit


DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Dutch spade, from Old Dutch *spado, from Proto-Germanic *spadô.

NounEdit

spade m (plural spaden or spades)

  1. spade

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle Dutch spâde, from Old Dutch *spādi, from Proto-Germanic *spēdiz (late).

AdjectiveEdit

spade (comparative spader, superlative spaadst)

  1. (archaic) late
InflectionEdit
Inflection of spade
uninflected spade
inflected spade
comparative spader
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial spade spader het spaadst
het spaadste
indefinite m./f. sing. spade spadere spaadste
n. sing. spade spader spaadste
plural spade spadere spaadste
definite spade spadere spaadste
partitive spades spaders
SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit



FinnishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈspɑde/, [ˈs̠pɑde̞]
  • Rhymes: -ɑde
  • Syllabification: spa‧de

NounEdit

spade

  1. (military slang) field cook
    Synonym: sotilaskeittäjä


Inflection of spade (Kotus type 8/nalle, no gradation)
nominative spade spadet
genitive spaden spadejen
partitive spadea spadeja
illative spadeen spadeihin
singular plural
nominative spade spadet
accusative nom. spade spadet
gen. spaden
genitive spaden spadejen
spadeinrare
partitive spadea spadeja
inessive spadessa spadeissa
elative spadesta spadeista
illative spadeen spadeihin
adessive spadella spadeilla
ablative spadelta spadeilta
allative spadelle spadeille
essive spadena spadeina
translative spadeksi spadeiksi
instructive spadein
abessive spadetta spadeitta
comitative spadeineen
Possessive forms of spade (type nalle)
possessor singular plural
1st person spadeni spademme
2nd person spadesi spadenne
3rd person spadensa

FriulianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin spatha (a type of sword), from Ancient Greek σπάθη (spáthē, broad blade).

NounEdit

spade f (plural spadis)

  1. sword

ItalianEdit

NounEdit

spade f

  1. plural of spada

Middle EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old English spadu.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

spade (plural spades)

  1. tool for digging, shovel

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Low German spade and Old Norse spaði, jarnspaði

NounEdit

spade m (definite singular spaden, indefinite plural spader, definite plural spadene)

  1. a spade (tool)
    kalle en spade for en spade - call a spade a spade
  2. a spadeful
    tre spader jord - three spadefuls of earth

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse spaði, jarnspaði, from Middle Low German spade

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /²spɑːə/, /²spɑːdə/

NounEdit

spade m (definite singular spaden, indefinite plural spadar, definite plural spadane)

  1. a spade, shovel (tool)
    kalle ein spade for ein spade - call a spade a spade
  2. a spadeful
    ein spade sand - a spadeful of sand

VerbEdit

spade (present tense spader, past tense spadde, past participle spadd or spadt, present participle spadande, imperative spad)

  1. Alternative form of spa

ReferencesEdit


SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse spaði, from Middle Low German spade, from Proto-Germanic *spadō, from Proto-Indo-European *sph₂-dʰ-.

NounEdit

spade c

  1. a spade (tool)

DeclensionEdit

Declension of spade 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative spade spaden spadar spadarna
Genitive spades spadens spadars spadarnas

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit