असुर

Contents

HindiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Sanskrit असुर ‎(asura), from Proto-Indo-Iranian.

NounEdit

असुर ‎(asurm

  1. (Hinduism) a demon, an asura

DeclensionEdit

Declension of असुर
singular plural
direct असुर ‎(asur) असुर ‎(asur)
oblique असुर ‎(asur) असुरों ‎(asurõ)
vocative असुर ‎(asur) असुरो ‎(asuro)

See alsoEdit


SanskritEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Sanskrit असु ‎(asu-), with several possible etymologies and meanings. In the context of asura conventionally associated with asu- in the sense of "master of the house". This meaning is not further narrowed by its etymology: Cf. Avestan 𐬀𐬵𐬎 ‎(ahu2-, lord) and 𐬀𐬵𐬎𐬭𐬀 ‎(ahura, lord), Hittite 𒈗 ‎(ḥaššū, king), and Latin erus ‎(lord).

The Brahmanas and the Puranas derive asura from another asu-, "breath", a cognate of which is found in Av. ahu1-, "life, existence". In yet other post-Vedic Sanskrit literature, asura was back-formed as a-sura, "non-sura", with sura then associated with a group of demi-gods who inhabit Indra's domain.

NounEdit

असुर ‎(ásuram

  1. spirit, good spirit, supreme spirit (said of Varuna)
  2. the chief of the evil spirits
  3. an evil spirit, demon, ghost, opponent of the gods
  4. name of Rāhu
  5. the sun
  6. cloud
  7. (in the plural) name of a warrior-tribe
  8. name of a Vedic school
  9. zodiacal sign
  10. (botany) Sinapis ramosa (in later Sanskrit सुर ‎(sura) has been formed from असुर ‎(asura), as सित ‎(sita), from असित ‎(asita))

DeclensionEdit

Masculine a-stem declension of असुर
Nom. sg. असुरः ‎(asuraḥ)
Gen. sg. असुरस्य ‎(asurasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative असुरः ‎(asuraḥ) असुरौ ‎(asurau) असुराः ‎(asurāḥ)
Vocative असुर ‎(asura) असुरौ ‎(asurau) असुराः ‎(asurāḥ)
Accusative असुरम् ‎(asuram) असुरौ ‎(asurau) असुरान् ‎(asurān)
Instrumental असुरेण ‎(asureṇa) असुराभ्याम् ‎(asurābhyām) असुरैः ‎(asuraiḥ)
Dative असुराय ‎(asurāya) असुराभ्याम् ‎(asurābhyām) असुरेभ्यः ‎(asurebhyaḥ)
Ablative असुरात् ‎(asurāt) असुराभ्याम् ‎(asurābhyām) असुरेभ्यः ‎(asurebhyaḥ)
Genitive असुरस्य ‎(asurasya) असुरयोः ‎(asurayoḥ) असुराणाम् ‎(asurāṇām)
Locative असुरे ‎(asure) असुरयोः ‎(asurayoḥ) असुरेषु ‎(asureṣu)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0121
Read in another language