क्रिया

Contents

HindiEdit

EtymologyEdit

PIE root
*kʷer-

From Sanskrit क्रिया ‎(kriyā).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

क्रिया ‎(kriyāf ‎(Urdu spelling کریا)

  1. (grammar) verb
  2. doing, performance
  3. action, act, deed
  4. undertaking
  5. business
  6. use
  7. work, labour; a literary work
  8. medical treatment or practice
  9. a religious act or ceremony, a pious act, a duty
  10. obsequies
  11. oath

DeclensionEdit

Declension of क्रिया
singular plural
direct क्रिया ‎(kriyā) क्रियाएँ ‎(kriyāẽ)
oblique क्रिया ‎(kriyā) क्रियाओं ‎(kriyāon)
vocative क्रिया ‎(kriyā) क्रियाओ ‎(kriyāo)

ReferencesEdit


SanskritEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the root कृ ‎(kṛ, to do, make). Also Proto-Indo-Aryan *kriyāˊ.

NounEdit

क्रिया ‎(kriyāf

  1. doing, performing, performance, occupation with (in compounds), business, act, action, undertaking, activity, work, labour
  2. bodily action, exercise of the limbs
  3. (grammar) action (as the general idea expressed by any verb), verb
    सकर्मक्रिया ‎(sakarma-kriyā) — "active" verb
    अकर्मक्रिया ‎(akarma-kriyā) — intransitive verb
  4. noun of action
  5. literary work
  6. medical treatment or practice, applying a remedy, cure
    समक्रियत्व ‎(sama-kriya-tva) — ?
    विषमक्रिय ‎(viṣama-kriya) — undergoing unequal (medical) treatment
  7. a religious rite or ceremony, sacrificial act, sacrifice
  8. (with caramā), "the last ceremony", rites performed immediately after death, obsequies, purificatory rites (as ablution etc.)
  9. religious action, worship
  10. Religious Action (personified as a daughter of Daksha and wife of Dharma; or as a daughter of Kardama and wife of Kratu)
  11. judicial investigation (by human means, as by witnesses, documents etc., or by superhuman means, as by various ordeals)
  12. atonement
  13. disquisition
  14. study
  15. means, expedient

DeclensionEdit

Feminine ā-stem declension of क्रिया
Nom. sg. क्रिया ‎(kriyā)
Gen. sg. क्रियायाः ‎(kriyāyāḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative क्रिया ‎(kriyā) क्रिये ‎(kriye) क्रियाः ‎(kriyāḥ)
Vocative क्रिये ‎(kriye) क्रिये ‎(kriye) क्रियाः ‎(kriyāḥ)
Accusative क्रियाम् ‎(kriyām) क्रिये ‎(kriye) क्रियाः ‎(kriyāḥ)
Instrumental क्रियया ‎(kriyayā) क्रियाभ्याम् ‎(kriyābhyām) क्रियाभिः ‎(kriyābhiḥ)
Dative क्रियायै ‎(kriyāyai) क्रियाभ्याम् ‎(kriyābhyām) क्रियाभ्यः ‎(kriyābhyaḥ)
Ablative क्रियायाः ‎(kriyāyāḥ) क्रियाभ्याम् ‎(kriyābhyām) क्रियाभ्यः ‎(kriyābhyaḥ)
Genitive क्रियायाः ‎(kriyāyāḥ) क्रिययोः ‎(kriyayoḥ) क्रियाणाम् ‎(kriyāṇām)
Locative क्रियायाम् ‎(kriyāyām) क्रिययोः ‎(kriyayoḥ) क्रियासु ‎(kriyāsu)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0320
  • Arthur A. Macdonell, A practical Sanskrit dictionary with transliteration, accentuation, and etymological analysis throughout, London: Oxford University Press, 1893, page 076
  • Horace Hayman Wilson, A dictionary in Sanscrit and English, 2nd ed., Calcutta: Education Press, Circular Road, 1832, page 257
  • Carl Capeller, A Sanskrit-English dictionary, based upon the St. Petersburg lexicons, London: Luzac & Co., 1891, page 137
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